Serbia City: Niche
The city of Niche is historically an intersection between the East and the West of Europe, between the cultures of Malaya Asia and Europe on the one hand, and between the Slavic world and Islam – on the other. Therefore, it is not surprising that his ancient story (and the first mention of it refers to II in BC. NS.) Majestic and tragic at the same time. The waves of conquerors were repeatedly rolled through this land, the emperor Konstantin Great was born here, from here, thousands of pilgrims were flocked to his temples, and the cult facilities themselves were widely known far beyond the country. During the XVI century, when the whole southeastern part of Europe was under the IGA of the Ottoman Empire, Niche’s monasteries, primarily the temple of St. George in Kamenites, were the stronghold of Christianity and the meeting place for the religious and intellectual elite of Serbia, having deserved the glory of one of the major cult centers of Slavic Mira. Each era added tragic monuments to the appearance of the city, but no aggressor could destroy the Spirit of Niche, his originality and cultural originality. "Tower Villa", "Deadly gate", The tragic Memorial Bubanj forever in the memory of the Serbian people, however, the city, carefully guarding his monuments and history, continues to live and develop. Now Nish is the twinth of the our city of Kursk.
The number of historical structures here is just huge here, and many of them are not in the niche itself, but in the towns adjacent to it and villages, which turns the terrain around the city into an extensive historical and cultural reserve. The most ancient monuments of the city include the early Christian crypt of the 4th century on Nicheskaya Street Kososk-girls, the mausoleum of the same period in Nishka-Banya, Ruins of the Church of St. Archangel Gabriel (the date of the foundation is unknown) on the slopes of the mountain appearance (Sycevachara Gorge), the Byzantine Basilica and Creeps in the islander, Ruins of the Roman Palace, Baptistery, Term and Nimfehum (IV c) in Media, as well as early Christian Basilica (presumably IV B) In Niche district of Yagodin-Mala.
The main attractions of Niche – its numerous religious structures that are abundant in the city and its surroundings. Actuality of Orthodoxy has always been considered Nish Monasteries. Virgin Mary (1644-1883, the belfry – 1880 g), the monastery and church of Hylandarski Metokh (XVI B), and also included in the monastery complex. Savva (1987),. Paraskeva Iver (St. Petka Iverice, XIV-XVI centuries., Contemporary building built in 1898), Monastery of St. George (second half of the XV c) in the picturesque valley at the village of Kamenice, the monastery of the Mother of God (1575-1880.) In the Sycevachara-Clisterura gorge, the monastery of Gabrovac with the temple of the Holy Trinity (1833 g, restored in 1873 g) and memory memorial in the liberation wars 1912-1918., as well as the monastery of St. Ion (presumably XVI c) at Kruzka.
City churches also carry a fingerprint of past epochs. The most famous of them include the Cathedral Design Cathedral of the Holy Spirit (1856-1872.), Church of St. Nicholas (St. Nikola, was built in 1722 on the site of the legendar holy procopievsky temple of the XI B, rebuilt in 1737 g) and the chapel of transfiguration (1907 g), the modest church of St. Paraskeva (St. Petka, XIV-XVI BB.) from Doni-Mateva, Church of St. Panteleimon (1878 g) on the foundation of the temples of the IV-XI centuries, the church of St. Nicholas (1838 g) in Manastir,. Elii at Nishka-Banya,. Paraskeva (1925) and Byzantine Basilica in Kurlin, Ruins of the Church of St. Elijah (presumably IX c) at the village of Batusinac, the medieval fortress of the zelenik and the monastery church of St. Nicholas (1654 g, the modern building of the Church was built at the beginning of the 20th century), Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1839 g) in Milkova, Church of St. Nicholas (1831 g, restored in 1933) in Kamenice, Church of St. Archangelov Mikhail and Gabriel (XIV-XV BB., restored in 1839 g), as well as the modest church of St. Jovana (presumably XIV c) in the village of Orlyan.
To later architectural monuments include Banovina buildings (1887 g) and Gradsk-Kupa (1926-1927.) in the style of late neoclassicism, urbanskinskih (house of assembly, 1939 g), Pastekov Factory (monument l. Pasteer, 1900 g), urban library (XIX c), national disgracial building (1938-1939. According to the architect’s project in. Tatarinova), Raducenter Building Niche (1900 g, in 1914-1915. He served as the residence of King Peter I), the monumental building of the Chief Advanced (beginning of XX c), Gymnasium (1912-1914.), "Wortown School" and the building of the Stantian court with a clock tower.
The village of Morny-Mateva, lying in one and a half kilometers northeast niche, is another museum of medieval architecture in the open air. Here are such religious places such as the Latin Church (XI B), the temple of Gabrovac (up to 1498 g), the monastery of St. Ion (XV B, modern structures date back to the XIX-XX centuries.) north of the village and the church of St. Archangel Mikhail (1838 g).