Japan’s city: Nagasaki
Nagasaki is a major Japanese port and a very picturesque southern city, which attracts several millions of tourists every year. He received his name in honor of the bay, which is washes the southwestern part of the Cussy Island, but why did the Japanese themselves know that the Japanese themselves. It was here that in 1579 at the insistence of Portuguese Jesuits, who literally dropped into Japan from China, and then the Spanish monks, and was erected by Nagasaki – he was needed in order to get a well-fortified and secured base for a country Christianization. There was a fishing village on the site of the new city, the exact date of the occurrence of which is unknown, because no documents are preserved about this. Since the city was planned as a future Christianity Center in Japan, between Portuguese Catholics and Dutch and British Protestants, also appeared in Japan, a purely confessional directivity arose. But the problem was that part of the city of the city belonged to Roman Catholics, and Nagasak Protestants were constantly persecuted. Despite this, they secretly remained faithful to their faith and were able to keep it up to this day. Historical facts confirm that 26 Christians in 1597 were crucified by Japanese authorities on the Nisidzak Hill. According to the available information among them were not only Japanese Christians, but also Spanish. Exactly after four hundred years in memory of them was built Statue 26 Saints, and the martyrs themselves were canonized for another one hundred years before the Roman dad themselves nine.
Nevertheless, despite all the religious disagreements, Nagasaki very quickly became the most important port, through which trading with the West over half of the 16th century. Trade ships from Portugal, Holland, England, China and Spain came to the city. In the middle of the 17th century, the ruling then Segunat ordered to break all contacts with countries on the mainland except Holland and China. Thus, Holland has become the only European country that could send his ships in Nagasaki with goods and through it to trade with Japan. It is through Nagasaki to Japan, European sciences, such as medicine, astronomy, and even the production of clock came across. Growing and flourished while during the IIth World War, the development of his powerful Nuclear Attack of the United States suspended.
August 1, 1945 Several ordinary bombs dropped by American bomber damaged shipyards and docks in the south-west of the city, destroyed some buildings of steel and weapons, as well as hospital and medical school. However, these destruction were practically mosquito bite in comparison with those who were discarded August 9, 1945 American Atomic Bomb. Nagasaki pione Large human and material losses. Many buildings were destroyed. The city after this tragic event took a lot of time to become as we can see it now – he has almost rebuilt again. To date, the city is considered the biggest shipbuilding center in all Japan. The history of the city is reflected in numerous monuments that store traces of so many events that took place in Nagasaki for all the time of its existence.
Port in Nagasaki recognized as one of the most significant ports of the country. He attracts many sailors. The originality of Japanese traditions in Nagasaki will never eclipse the presence of other cultures. Nagasaki is rich in attractions as no other city in Japan, despite even the fact that most of them were destroyed by an atomic bomb. One of the main attractions is the Harko Cathedral, which was built at the end of 1959 near the explosion site of a powerful atomic bomb, discarded by the Americans, and then destroyed the old, the largest in Japan, a Catholic Cathedral. If you believe historical facts, it is at this place in the middle of the nineteenth century a missionary from France, who came to Japan with its official opening for foreigners, met among the Japanese a small group of Christians who secretly preached their faith for two centuries. In further work with them, it turned out that such "secret Christians" in Japan turned out to be a lot – about 60 or even 70 thousand. Many of them were hidden in remote areas of the country in the catacombs, where in secret from the authorities they arranged their underground temples. Part of the Christians who lived in the vicinity of Nagasaki, and became the first parishioners of the new cathedral built on the funds collected by the French priest.
An important attraction of Nagasaki is also Statue of Molba about the world, Located in the park of the world, broken on the site of the destroyed quarters shortly after the war. Park and statue will always remind of those terrible times that survived the city when bombarding and after it. The statue reflects the deity of a male genus, with one hand indicating up (means a warning about an atomic bomb), and the other – parallel to the earth (which symbolizes the world around the world). The eyes of the Divine semi-closed &# 8211; This means that it reads a prayer for the world. The height of the statue is ten meters, plus four meters is the height of the pedestal, on which the deity sits. Next to the park built a museum of an atomic bomb, and the exhibits stored in it and books are described in the most detailed times of terrible times of war.
Museum of Atomic Bomb
As mentioned above, Christianity began to seriously spread at the end of the 16th century, despite the persecution of the authorities, quickly found that Christians are not at all such peaceful pigeons as they themselves told themselves. In 1598, one of the priests, preaching Buddhism, founded the temple, named after the Temple of State Affesies. On the territory of the temple began to bury the deaths of the seafarers from Holland and China, which arrived in Nagasaki. Later, in the XIX century, our sailors were buried in this temple. The first of them were four navigators from the Askold frigate, which died on the way from cholera. After the our-Japanese war in the territory of the temple, there were already more than three hundred graves of the ours, who died from wounds and diseases in camps for prisoners. Next to the temple is a small, but picturesque Orthodox chapel, which reminds of education in the area of the our village.
Another major attractions of Nagasaki is Sanctuary Suva, representing a synthist cultory building. It was built in the middle of the 16th century shortly before the spread of Christianity, and is located a few meters from the park. This sanctuary is held annually the largest and bright religious Japanese holiday, which is called Okti. The holiday is carried out for three days. Representatives who fulfill group dances are selected from each district.
Landmark confirming the leadership of Nagasaki in the world shipbuilding is Ship Repair Plant, which belongs to Mitsubishi. Work at the factory more than six thousand people. Also "Mitsubishi" owns shipbuilding shipyard, which was founded in 1861 and was built with the participation of American engineers. It currently produces not only commercial vessels, but also passenger liners, and even supertankers.