Cities of Italy: Cagliari

The capital of the island – Cagliari city (Cagliari, CastedDU) is founded even in time immemorial in a convenient place between the sea, fertile plains of campidano, two swampy shorts and mountains of Ollyra. The first mention of the major Phoenician port of Karlys in this place is already found in VII in. to N. NS., And the convenient location of the city by halfway between Africa and Europe quickly turned it into a prosperous shopping center of the region. With the arrival of Romans, Cagliari becomes the main port and the capital of the island, the first sprouts of Christianity appear here (local legends argue that it was on the shore of Cagliari biblical battle between the Devil and Angel), and in the V-XI centuries. N. NS. Christians from Africa fled here.


Old part of the city called Castello, Located on the top of the hill, from where the beautiful panorama of Cagliari Bay (Angel Bay) opens. Most of the old urban walls are perfectly preserved and crowned with two white towers from local limestone – CENT-Pancracio and Elephant (both are built in the XIII century and decorate the flag of the city). Medieval (XII-XVI centuries.) Cathedral Restored in the 1930s, and its fancy baroque facade is renovated in a closer to the initial version "Pisan style". Near the Cathedral is towers Palace of Government Provinces (until 1900 g. – Palace of the governor of the island), and nearby Sardinian Archaeological Museum (the largest collection of objects of nuragi civilization in the world) and many narrow streets and alleys, literally wrapped the entire center. Nearby Basilica di San Saturnino (V B. N. NS.) – One of the most important paleochyristian monuments of Sardinia is dedicated to the saint patron of the city.

Interests embedded in the mountainside Roman amphitheater and leading to the city center aqueduct, Underground archaeological complex Sant Elagy Nella Marina With the Gothic Church and Rzvlins of the city of the Roman period, the ruins of a small round Temple and necropolis Roman period (located on a hill outside the border of the modern city), Church of San Lucifero (1660 g., Dedicated to the Holy Lucifer – the first bishop of the city) with a nearby cemetery, Church of Kyza-della Perissima (XVI B.), complex Palaceian djustition on Piazza-Republika, extensive urban Monte-Upina Park and Botanical Garden.

Also in the Quarter Castello are located: Monastery and Church of the Order of the Virgin Mercy (XIV B.), cult for all locals place – Church of the Virgin Bonarius (XIV-XV BB.) with the main shrine of the city – the sculpture of Madonna Mercy (according to legends, the box with a statue thrown to the seashore, after breaking the spanish ship in the chips), Maritime Museum, Old palaces Palazzo di Chitta and Palazzo-Reggio, Castle Palazzo-Boyle (Interest in that the elements of the ancient defensive structures of the city include in his walls, including Akvila Tower), the old royal warehouse of weapons, and now – Museum readdella (part of the complex of the Archaeological Museum). Special attention deserved National Gallery, Museum of Siamese Art Stefano Card and Museum of Anatomical Wax Clement Susini, Archaeological Collection of Evan Gorde, Panoramic Terrace Umberto I (built on the site of Bastion Saint Remy, XVI in.), and San Michele Hill With a medieval castle and Cape Sant-Elia, entered into the list of pan-European monuments of nature.

Cities of Italy Cagliari

The founding of the Kastello Hill is the area of ​​Marina, in which it is worth seeing one of the most extensive Roman cemeteries on the island (near Vialle-Regina Margherita), Punic Necropolis of Tuvixeddo hills, as well as containing objects from these excavations Museum of Tesoro di Sant Eulalia. In the area of ​​Villanov, you can visit Saint Mauro Church (1650 g.), nearby Women’s Monastery Saint Domenico (XV B.) and Saint-Giacomo Church (XV-XVI centuries. – One of the first samples of gothic architecture on Sardinia). The quarter of the Stampacha is known for its annual procession of Sagra di Sant-Ephysio, as well as Churches of Santa Anna (1785.), San Michele-A-Stampace, Saint Restituto and Sant Ephysio and Negotic Town Hall on Via Roma.

Beach rest

The famous Poetto Beach, stretching nearly 13 km from Cagliari to Quarta Sant-Elena, is famous for its clean color sand and a lot of entertainment establishments along the coastal trait. And very close to the center of Cagliari, there is a sand-gravel Kalamoska Beach, the main convenience of which is close to most hotels, restaurants and cafes of the city.

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