Iran’s cities: Tehran
Tehran – one of the largest cities in Asia, administrative, economic, industrial and cultural center Iran. Tehran is located on the southern slope of the ridge acclated (enters the ElbeS system) at an altitude of approximately 1210 m above sea level, north-west of Grozny Desert CHATE-KEVIR. Most commercial and government buildings are located in the city center, the residential and quarterly quarters seem to scree to scribble on the slopes of the mountains, which gives the city a rather recognizable face. The phenomenal population growth and the unrestrained urban construction of recent years led to the fact that the silent capital of Sefavidov, known since the XIV century, turned into a huge and chaotic megapolis, surrounded by chain of lifeless red mountains. The city is so extensive (approximately 600 square meters. km) that it is hopeless to get lost in the intricacies of his streets is easier than. Because of the frequent earthquakes, the houses are built here, mainly not higher than three floors, so the mosques are the guidelines for this strange megalopolis – the main decoration of Tehran.
Important attractions of the capital are museums, which here is simply an incredible amount, all of them are contained in samples and possess only fantastic collections.
The beauty of Tehran mosques has long entered the saying, so they will certainly be very familiar with them (but do not forget about the norms of decency in the inspection of Islamic cult facilities). The most interesting mosque Imam (Masjid Imam, Masdzhid-E Shah, or "Royal Mosque", 1809-1849.), Imam Homeney Mosque, Motachery Mosque (Masjid-E-Sepa Salar, XIX.) – the largest (3700 kV. m) and the most revered mosque in Tehran, "Swinging minaret" Menar-E-Junban (he really swings!), Mosque Motahary, Shah-Abdul-Azim, Sheikh Abdul Hussein and Sepachsalar (XIX in.). No less interesting to the Armenian Church of St. Sarkisa (WANK), Zoroastrian temple of fire and dozens of other, no less colorful cult facilities.
It is also worth viewing the university and his student town among the gardens, the Palace of Takht-E Marmar (Takht-E Suleymania, "Marbled Trone", 1747-1751.), the larger open area of Maidani Imam, the buildings of the old parliament Moshir-Od-Dule and Majlis, Palace of Shah Kajar Fat Ali, Palace Alikupu, Palace Shams-Ol Emar (XIX.), Niavan Palace, Sabz Palace ("Green"), Darwaz-E-Bagh-E-Mel ("Gate of National Garden"), Tokrol Tower, the Cultural Complex of the Azadi and the very, very unusual architectural style, the Tower of Banai-E Azadi (built in 1971. In commemoration of the 2500th anniversary of the founding of the Iranian Empire), Bachman Cultural Center in the southern part of Tehran, a children’s artistic creative center in the park Lale and the two-level Puli-Kazani Bridge.
The four most beautiful Park Tehran are located in the northern part of the city – "Coastal Park" Dar-Abad (10 thousand. kv. m), Park Firdawi (120 thousand. kv. m) on the slope of the mountain of the Kolak-Chal, Park Lale ("Tulip", 35 hectares), Mellal Park (341.7 thousand. kv. m) in the English style and park Niavan (63 thousand. kv. m). Also good resembling Japanese garden Park Say South Square Vanak and Shattan Park ("Park Chemat") At the intersection of Streets, Audzhing and Darabad. All metropolitan parks have a huge selection of various entertainment and cultural institutions, playgrounds, sports facilities and open scenic sites, as well as, which is important in conditions of a huge city, a lot of beautiful reservoirs and a wonderful floral composition.
The best kind of leisure in Tehran – a visit to the city bazaar, so big that actually this is a separate city and one of the largest oriental bazaars in the world. Here you can buy almost any product or product, as well as just get acquainted with the everyday life of Iranians. Good bookstores with a huge selection of inexpensive books can be found opposite Tehran University.
In the vicinity of the capital, it is worth visiting the Grand Mausoleum on the grave of Ayatollah Khomeini (Iranians call him "Haram-E Mothar" – "resting-place") in the northwestern part of the Bezeht-E cemetery, the volcano Demavennd (the highest mountain of the country) is 50 km northeast of the capital, the second largest city of the province – Karage with his "Pearl Palace" Morewand and the Merdarde Palace Museum ("Palace of Deception"), Holy City Rei (Shar-E Ray), the city of Seljuk – the birthplace of the famous Garuna al-Rashid, one of the religious centers Shiites – the city of Kum with the shrine of Hazrat-E Masume (the burial place of Masume, sisters Imam cuts) and a zamkaran mosque, numerous Parks with pools around Damm Emir-Kabir (Karage), Faliance and Lahr, Funicular Tolera-telecabine (one of the longest in Asia), the picturesque valleys of Jahrud and Karage (local rivers – excellent destinies for trout) and wonderful ski resorts for Dizin, Shamushak and AB-E Ali.