UK City: Oxford

The world-famous University Center – Oxford (Oxford) lies in 80 km north-west from the center of London.

"City of dormant spiers" is a tary competitor to Cambridge in everything concerns science and education, and the world famous Oxford University (University of Oxford) is the second (after Università di Bologna, Italy) a continuously operating educational institution of Europe and the first – in English-speaking countries. However, the date of its foundation is specifically unknown, but, according to the chronicles, in 1096 (according to other data – in 1117.) The university has already acted, and the very first college – University College – was founded in 1249.

Until now, the medieval structure of the complex – 38 colleges, 6 hostels (this is not a place of residence, and closed educational institutions belonging to religious orders) and several faculties in which more than 20 thousand students are studying (about a quarter – foreigners). In addition, this is also the largest research center, numbering more than hundreds of libraries and laboratories, several museums, there is even their publishing house. Colleges and are the main attractions of the city, since for the most part built in the XV-XVI centuries in a wide variety of architectural forms.

Sights of Oxford

The most famous monuments of Oxford include Tower of Carfax (Carfax Tower) and Saint Mary Church (XII B., Overview sites are open on both), the largest in the district University Church of the Virgin Mary University CHURCH OF ST MARY THE VIRGIN, XIII-XVII BB.), picturesque area WELLINGTON SQUARE, Church Cathedral CHRIST CHURCH CATHEDRAL, 1160-1200 GG.) and the same name college CHRIST CHURCH COLLEGE, 1525 G.) – The largest in the city, located on the territory of the last bell tower Tom Tower (Great Tom, 1681-1682.) – the first sample of neootics in Europe, College Magdalene (Magdalen College, 1458.) with a magnificent gothic tower, University College (University College, 1249 g.), the largest in Oxford Library Bodley (Bodleian Library, one of the oldest in Europe and the largest in the UK – more than 6 million publications), also included in its composition Rotunda Radcliffe (Radcliffe Camera, 1737-1769.) – masterpiece of British early classicism, the first public Museum of England – Eshmolovsky Museum of Art and Archeology (Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, founded in 1683 g., The current building was erected in 1841-1845.), Museum of Oxford History, Modern Art Museum (Modern Art Oxford, 1965.), Museum of History of Science (Museum of the History of Science, in 1924 allocated from the Ashmol Museum meeting), Oxford Museum of Natural History (OXFORD UNIVERSITY MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, part of the university museum), Collection of Bait Musical Instruments (Bate Collection of Musical Instruments), Museum of Archeology and Anthropology of Na River (Pitt River’s Museum, 1884.), occupying almost 2 hectares Botanical Garden University of Oxford Botanic Garden, founded in 1621 g.) with a rosary and University Park (area 70 acres), Sheldon Theater (Sheldonian Theater, 1664-1668.), Indoor market (Covered Market, 1774.), as well as unusual Sculpture shark (The Headington Shark, 1986.) in the Hidington area.

Also the city is known as the homeland of cult cars Morris. William Morris opened his first workshop in Couli on the southeast outskirts of the city, which quickly turned into a major industrial area. And although now this company does not exist, and most of the old workshops are demolished for breaking Oxford Business Park, the famous mini is still done under the BMW brand.

Pubs in Oxford

Coloring local pubs – Oxford since sincerversion was a great popularity (in the XIX century, in a small city, in a small city, acted in a small factory, and nine breweries!), and now such colorful institutions like The Eagle and Child (1650 g.), Lamb & Flag, Turf Tavern And others are known to the whole world.

Around Oxford

In the southern suburb Iffley (Iffley) you can see the colorful village church of the XII century.

And just 12 km north-east of Oxford is another famous history monument – Palace Blem (Blenim Palace, Blenheim Palace, 1705-1724.) – The Residence of the Dukes Malboro and one of the largest palace and park ensembles of England. Palace and surrounding his magnificent landscape park with an area of ​​8.5 kV. km with an extensive pond (here, by the way, licensed fishing is allowed, the income from which they go to the content of the complex) are available to visit tourists. Also here you can see a triumphal arch, a 41-meter victory column, a unique labyrinth and exposition of Winston Churchill’s memory, born just in this palace. In 1987, the complex was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. You can get here from Oxford on buses 20 and 20A, departing from the station and passing by one of the entrances to the estate (time on the road 30-40 minutes).

Cities of Great Britain Oxford

Reviews and studies of trips

Oxford

Hartford Bridge, known as the bridge of sigh, connects two parts Herrtford over New College Lane. Characteristic design makes his attraction that has become a symbol of the city. Read more →

Giraffil | Summer 2015

Oxford. Coloring spiers, ritual ducks and thin student nature

It is best to look at Oxford from the height of the ST church. Mary The Virgin, that on the main street High Street, right in the center. You will not pass by this majestic Gothic Building. Read more →

zoika chudo | May 2015

Oxford. Magic College and Spring in the city

Oxford – City for lovers of English literature. This city is for everyone who ever was fascinated by fairy tales, in which there were mystery doors, secret passages and forgotten paths. Read more →

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