Cities of France: Strasbourg
The historical capital of Alsace and the Department of the Nizhny Rain, Strasburgh, or Strasbourg (Strasbourg, Strasburg), is located on the River Ile, just above the place of her sign in Rhine. "City of roads", As its name translates from the German, has a very favorable strategic position on one of the largest transport arteries of Europe – Rhine, so it is often called "Crossroads of Europe". For his long history (and it was founded, allegedly, in the second century.NS.) The city has repeatedly crossed the authorities of the French kings, then the German Kurfürst (or rather, the kings of the Holy Roman Empire), so more than once became the arena of fierce fighting. But now this large industrial and transport center of Europe is both its political capital – it is here that the European Parliament is located, the European Court of Human Rights and the Council of Europe, as well as many headquarters of industrial groups and cultural institutions.
Historical part of Strasbourg, the so-called Grand Ile (Grande Ile – "Big Island"), lies between the Ile River and Channels, and is listed in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. Magnificent Strasburgh Cathedral Spire (Cathedrale de Notre-Dame, 1015-1439.) Until the XIX century, was the highest (142 m) building of Christian Europe and is now visible from any part of the city. Yes, and the cathedral itself, built as if not stone, and conferse, is widely known for its luxurious interiors and stained glass windows of the XIII-XVII centuries. South of Gutenberg Square, which is considered the center of the city, is the area of steep tiled roofs and bright facades. It is here that the Museums Area begins, from the West, a restricted District-France district (Little France), where old wooden houses and quiet canals still have been preserved, which served as the center of the leather and dyeing industries. Decals the area of the Cathedral Square of the Pearl Style Style – the so-called Hotel de Commerce, or Maison Kammerzell, – Medieval (XV in.) A shopping complex in which the hotel is now located, and excellent artistic exhibitions are constantly held on the first floor. Here, between shady dance-du-shto and the embankment, the most famous museums of the city are concentrated – Roan Palace (XVIII in.) in which the collections of the Museum of Decorative Arts, the Museum of Fine Arts and the Archaeological Museum are placed; Located in the XVI century mansion Museum of Construction of the Cathedral of Notre Dam (Musee de L’Oeuvre Notre-Dame, is open daily, except Thursday, from 10.00 to 18.00; Entrance – 4 euros), Historical Museum, Charming Alsatian Museum (Musee Alsacien) on the San Nicholas Embankment, as well as an excellent Museum of Contemporary Art.
Across the channel, a little east of the center, is already the German quarter of the XIX century, followed by modern complexes of European institutions. But the main decoration of this part of the city is the famous covered bridges (Ponts Couverts, XIV-XVII centuries.) – a whole network transferred through the channels of fortified bridges with towers, once included in the unified defensive system of Strasbourg. That from water or waterfront, that from the edge is no less famous "Dama Voban" (Barrage Vauban), on these colorful structures, which have long ever raised symbols of the city, opens a completely stunning view that collects hundreds of tourists in good weather. On the south side of the Cubus bridge, you can find the same medieval quarter, who retained its architecture exactly in the same form as it was in the XIV century. Lying slightly higher in the flow of Saint-Thomas bridge leads to the church of the same name (XVI in.) With the original Romanesque facade and gothic towers, and even above the Saint-Martin Bridge celebrates the beginning of the PC-France district. As a result, the whole area is one beautiful open-air museum.
The picturesque area of Saint-Etienne with its live cafes and restaurants, the Square of Brokl with the Town Hall, a small elegant opera and impressive mansions of the XVIII century, an extensive complex of gothic buildings in German-style on the other side of the channel, around Pya de la Republik, The university town at the merger of Ile and Ara (here he studied Goethe), the complex of Teutonic term on the Victory Boulevard, as well as the famous greenhouse (not only the most green place of the city, but also the place of all sorts of exhibitions and concerts) opposite the complex of institutions of the Palace of Europe.
Around the city
North-west of Strasbourg begins the so-called savern passage – the gap in the chain of Vausen, dividing them to the northern and southern parts. Most of the northern Vogzz is under the protection of the regional park-du-hole, however, it is possible to detect a lot of picturesque historical towns. Saven (Saverne) is known for his castle of Roan with an excellent museum (among other collections there is a meeting of the local journalist Louise Weiss, dedicated to French resistance), the church of Notre Dame de la Initivitis and the famous Rosary www.Roseraie-Saverne.Fr. Slightly north lies carefully restored Lichtenburg Castle and colorful medieval city Histerburg (Visor, 60 km from Strasbourg), whose residents still speak their unusual adverbs belonging to the ancient Frankist group of languages.
South Strasbourg begins the famous Rut-du-Vin route ("Road of wine"), stretching over the western edge with a wide and flat valley of the Rhine, since sincerversion famous for its vineyards. Besides ten "Points of tasting" Wines and hundreds of cellar. It is worth seeing a picturesque town Obern (Obernal) with a well-preserved medieval fortification system, town Rocher (Rosheim) with his Eidenhus (the oldest building in Alsace, XII in.) and the Romance Church Saint-Pierre-E-Saint-Paul, a huge mansion of Fool Marco (XVIII in., Now here is the Museum of Folk Traditions) at the bar, town Otrott – The homeland of one of the few Red Wine Alsace, Mont-Saint-Odil Mount (763 m), whose peak with the old monastery dedicated to the patroness of Alsace – the Holy Odali, is surrounded by a mysterious ten-tetlometer wall, known as Mur-Pen ("Pagan Wall", Approximately X B. to N. NS.), as well as the tragic monument to Strotoft WWW.Struthof.FR – the only Nazi concentration camp in France.
Reviews and studies of trips
Compositions of Strasbourg
Strasbourg is exactly the city that can not charm, this is where you want to go back. They say, under Christmas, he generally becomes magical. Read more →