France City: Rouen
The capital of the Upper Normandy and the Primorsky Seine – Rouen (Rouen) is one of the most ancient cities in France.
The base is believed to the ancient era, when on the shores of the hay, at once a few tributaries at once, the Roman Fortress Rotomagus was founded. In the V century. NS. The city becomes the residence of the bishop, with the Merovingians, receives the status of the capital of neuralia, and after the conquest of the region, Normans – the title of the capital of Normandy and the Residence of the Dukes. His further story is full of takeoffs and falls – he was repeatedly captured by the British, then Bretonians, then again the French, suffered 45 (!) Devolutionary fires and bombings of the Second World War, however, it was almost completely restored at the end of the 20th century, only the coastal strip, who had once a focus of the richest mansions, and did not wait for reconstructions, remaining enough unsightly stripe against the background of the beautiful buildings of the historic part of the city. Interestingly, Rouen is considered the first in France on the cost of the city budget for the restoration of old monuments, which is a lot of annoying Ruangs themselves, but very much to tourists who complain only that there are not enough time to inspect all the interesting objects.
Business card of the city – Vieux-Marche Square, where a small memorial plaque and a twenty-meter cross indicate the burning place Zhanna d’Ark on May 30, 1431. After World War II on the square built a modernist Cathedral of Saint Jeanne d’Ark, The complex of which includes fragments of the temple that stood on this very place and completely destroyed by the bombing of the allies. There is also a covered market nearby, which gave the name of the square itself, which is surrounded by beautiful old buildings in the style of Fax. Private Museum Jeanne d’Ark, Located in the ancient basement behind the gifts store, in fact, is a meeting of enough tasteless wax figures and manuscripts, having a rather distant attitude towards his name.
From the square you can go through the Rue Du Gros-Horloge to the East, to Churches Notre Dame, or just a Ruan Cathedral (XII-XVI centuries., The largest construction in the style of the Norman Gothic), recently passed a thorough reconstruction. Interestingly, the western facade of the cathedral with his amazing stone knage and the bell tower of the tour de Bour "simulators" For more than thirty Pictures of Claude Monet, which are now exhibited in the d’orsh museum in Paris.
In addition, the Gothic Saint Wen Church (XIV-XVI centuries. Next to the town hall (Hotel de Ville), which in the Middle Ages was part of the abbey, located just south Saint-Macau Church (1434-1470.) In the style "Flaming Gothic" And the same-name cemetery is east of its walls (now here is the courtyard of the garden of the school of arts, but some fragments of the Memorial are preserved), National Museum of Education In the beautiful old mansion on Rue Eau de Robec and Museum of Antiquity, Which occupies a female monastery of the XVII century on Rue Beauvoisine, impressive Museum of Fine Arts Rouen (open daily, except Thursday, from 10.00 to 18.00; entrance – 3 euros), adjacent to him from the north Museum of Ceramics (open daily, except Thursday, from 10.00 to 13.00 and from 14.00 to 18.00; entrance – 2.3 euros) and lying immediately Saint-Lauren Church, in which now is located Museum of Forging Le Se Dez-Turniel (open daily, except Thursday, from 10.00 to 13.00 and from 14.00 to 18.00; Login – 2.3 euros).
Also deserve attention Flaubert Museum, Astronomical Clock Gros Horloge (XIII-XVI centuries.) on the street of the same name, tower TUR-Jeann-d’Ark, In which the Orleans Virgin passed its famous test in 1431, Rouen Museum of Waving, River and Port Affairs, and Palace of Justice In the former Complex of the Normandy Parliament.
Around the city
Upstream of the Seine towards Paris is worth a visit towering over the city Lez-Anceli (Les Andelys, 25 km south-east of Rouen) and a large radiator River Richard Lion heart (1196-1197., Open only from mid-March to mid-November, daily, except Thursday, from 10.00 to 13.00 and from 14.00 to 18.00; The entrance is 3 euros), as well as the Motherland of Claude Monet – the town of Zhiverny (Giverny) with his home-museum and a picturesque garden.
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