Cities of France: Orleans
The most northern city in Loire, Orleans (Orleans) is located in the top of a huge river arc formed by a sharp turn of the bed to the southwest.
The city was founded as the capital of the Celtic Carnot tribe, but in 52 BC. NS. Completely destroyed by the troops of Caesar and restored only three centuries later by Emperor Azeryan, in honor of which he became called Arelianum (Aurelianum). In the 6th century, he becomes an important religious center of the country, and during the reign of Karl the Great turns into a major intellectual center. In the X-XI centuries, Orleans becomes the second most important city of the country (after Paris), and the events of the age of war forever enter his name in the history of France. His proximity to Paris (just 100 km in a straight line, 130 km – on the highway) has always been the most important importance in the life of the city – all goods and passengers sailing through Loire, unloaded in Orleans and followed the capital to the capital, which turned the city to the largest shopping knot. But in the XIX century, the river washed, the railways appeared, and the city began to lose their influence. However, soon iron, and then the automotive tracks again crossed Orleans, and perfumes, winemaking, and the engineering and mechanical engineering returned to the city of His glory. Today it is a large industrial and tourist object, closely connected in the minds of any person on the planet named Zhanna d’Ark.
Monuments of St. Jeanne d’Ark in Orleans practically every corner – equestrian statue On Du Martroi Square, Rue Jeanne-D’Arc Boulevard, Saint Crup Cathedral (XIII-XVIII centuries., Here Zhanna celebrated victory over the besieged city by English troops) with a monumental altar in honor of the canonization of the d’Ark in 1920, another statue at the old Town Hall, Many works dedicated to the Orrugan virgin in Museum of elegant arts In the Old Town Hall (1513-1519.) opposite the Hotel Groslot (open from Thursday to Saturday – from 10.00 to 12.15 and from 13.30 to 17.45, on Sundays – from 14.00 to 18.00, input – 3 euros) and so on.
East of the cathedral rises the colorful complex Hotel Cabu, which houses small Historical and Archaeological Museum with a luxurious collection of bronze sculpture II-III centuries. NS., found near Orlean in 1861. At the end of Rue Jeanne-D’Arc, on the GENERAL-DE-GAULLE Square, is the so-called House Zhanna d’Ark (Open from Thursday to Sunday, from May to October – from 10.00 to 12.30 and from 13.30 to 18.00; From November to April – from 13.30 to 18.00; entrance – 2 euros), which is a modern reconstruction that has not been preserved to this day. Now there is a great museum focused mainly on children.
Separate fragments Old Town can be found in the east, near the river. Rue de Bourgogne Street was the main highway of the ancient Gallo Roman settlement, and now they are built up with live restaurants and cafes. Complex Sal-des-Tez – All that remained from the Middle Ages University of Orleans, you can see a few west to see the rounded Protestant chapel, almost re-erected in the 1830s on the site of the same building of the XIV century. And the pretty quarters of the old industrial field begin south, actively tunable to the tourist center. Here you can see a modern film complex with nine screens, Wave-shaped blocking La Loire Square, Church of Stranyan (XII B., Restored in the XVI in., Once one of the largest churches in France) with a well-preserved crypt XI century and Romanesque Saint-Pierre-le-poet (Old University Church, in our days used for concerts and exhibitions).
In the western part of the old city center rises Castle De-Mong www.Chateaudemeung.COM, who was the residence of Episcopes Orleans since its construction (XII in.) and to the French revolution. This is a fairly gloomy complex with a divorce bridge, bastions of the XIII century and a powerful underground prison as if shared by a beautiful park and the Episcopal Palace (XVIII in.). Also deserve attention Saint Elert Church (XII B., Rebuilt in the XV-XVII centuries.) and Notre Dame de Recoonrans (1513-1519.) built up with old mansions Rue de Royal (1752-1760.), Museums of natural history and Charles Peguy Center, as well as about a dozen picturesque parks.
Around the city
Low below the flow of Loire you can see the castle La Firth Saint-Oben www.Chateau-Ferte-St-Aubin.COM (20 km south of Orleans, XVI-XVII centuries.), and east – abbey Cen-Benois (XIII B.), castles of the XIV-XVI centuries in Sully-sur-Lair and Shatonöf sur-Lair, Colorful little city Zhen (Gien), Roman aqueduct in the town Briar (Briare), Luxury Peshur Castle in La Buske, town Saniser www.Sancerre.Fr – the homeland of one of the best dry white wines in France, as well as the once famous Orleans forest, Nowadays, more like a park, for which wheat fields are drawn to the most.
Reviews and studies of trips
Louarean stories. Shinon. Orleans. Horse
These places are closely related to the names of Zhanna d&# 39; ARC, Karl VII and Anise Sorell, thanks to whom France managed to win in the exhaustive century war. Read more →
Nikolai Endegor | Summer 2016
Zhanna D&# 39; ARK – Monuments in Paris, Orleans and Ruan
Yesterday was the day of memory Zhanna d&# 39; board. Below are monuments and paintings that met in various cities of France, from where I returned yesterday. Read more →