Cities of France: Marseille
The largest trading port of France, a large industrial center of the country, the second population of the city of France and the administrative center of the Bush-du Ron Department of the Provence region – Marseille Marseille, Marselha, Marseilles actually belongs to the Cote d’Azur, but is its main goal and most Famous city of France after Paris. What is not surprising – founded in the 6th century BC. NS. under the name Massaly, the city is considered the oldest settlement of the country, and therefore it suffered as many events in his century as "did not dream" Any other settlement of France.
Marseille is divided into fifteen areas, which, like Paris, diverge on the spiral from the city center, which most often refer to Vie-Port (old port). Although the historic center is more correct to consider lying a little north of Le Panya (Le Panier), on which there was a first permanent Greek settlement of Massalia. Wide La Canebire Boulevard, leading from the old port to the north, and forms the main "axis" Cities, and the borders of the historic center are framed by the Belsunce quarter, the streets d’Aix, Rome, Prado Avenue and Michelet Boulevard.
Two fortresses guard the entrance to the harbor – Saint-Jean (1660 g.) on the north side (now used for exhibitions, and its impressive car-du-renee tower is rebuilt for the needs of the new National Museum of Civilization of Europe and the Mediterranean Sea – Mucem) I Saint-Nikola (XVII-XVIII in.), although by and large, they mark the loss of the city of their status of an independent republic in the XVIII century. Best view by Old port opens from the walls of the palace Pale-du Faro, located on the cape near the walls of Saint-Nicolas, from the lighthouse Fare de Saint-Marie (1855 g.) in port or from the cathedral Notre Dame de la Garda, Wedding Hill south of the harbor.
Next to the Fort Saint-Nicola is the oldest church of the city – Basilica Saint-Victor, Initially part of the monastery, founded in the V century on the burial site of Christian Martyrs. Until the middle of the X century, this is more like a fortress building (the thickness of the walls in some places comes up to 3 meters) was repeatedly rebuilt and even now is often mistaken for part of the Fort itself. Embankment Belges With its traditional fish market and many restaurants offering, of course, the seabed was carefully restored by the architect Fernal Pupilion after its destruction by the Nazis in 1943, and therefore it looks noticeable newer than the rest of the facilities area.
The north of the old port stretches the oldest part of Marseille – characteristic of the azure shore "Vie Ville" Of dozens of tiny streets, steep alleys and colorful buildings of all eras. In the times of the Nazi occupation, this area was an unofficial ghetto for fighters of resistance, communists and the Jews, so the Germans tried to completely destroy it. However, three buildings – Hotel de Ville (Town Hall), Hotel de Cabre and Maison Diamantee (All – XVII in.) – remained intact, and the rest subsequently restored. After the war, archaeologists even received some benefit from the destruction of many buildings, because the explosions opened some elements of Roman buildings, primarily a large warehouse with many amphors, which are now stored in Roman Museum Cities (open from Thursday to Sunday, from June to September – from 11.00 to 17.00; From October to May – from 10.00 to 17.00; Login – 2 euros). And in the complex Maison Diamantee is now housed Museum of the Old Town (open from Thursday to Sunday from 10.00 to 17.00; Entrance – 3 euros) whose meetings cover the history of Marseille from the XVII century to the present day.
On the site of modern Square de lenche, As it turned out, Greek Agora was located, and now it is one of the most picturesque area of the area with many living cafes. Also, within a radius of three quarters, you can detect former Jesuit College, in which the wonderful children’s exhibition complex is now posted, carefully restored Hospice Viel-Share (XVII B.) with a magnificent baroque chapel (now – famous Cultural Center With two museums – Mediterranean archeology and Art of Africa, Oceania and America), and Mirirov Cinema House. Bully below, on the territory rebuilt in the XVIII-XIX centuries of docks, there are giant old warehouse Les Docks (now – a shopping and office complex) and a massive Cathedral of La Nuvel-Majer (XIX B.).
Behind the cumbersome building of Centr-Burs with Musel Museum (open from Monday to Saturday from 12.00 to 19.00; entrance – 2 euros) stretches extensive green zone Jardin-des-Vosti, Located at the very place where an ancient port was located at the turn of the Millennium. The excavations held here discovered fragments of the structures of the Greek port and the city wall with the bases of three square towers and the gate, dating from the III-II centuries BC. NS.
A little south, in the grand neoclassical Exchange of the Old Port, is superb Maritime Museum (Open daily from 10.00 to 18.00; entrance – 2 euros), and a little further on the Boulevard La Canebire – Museum of fashion (Open from Thursday to Sunday, from June to September – from 11.00 to 18.00, from October to May – from 10.00 to 17.00; END – 3 euros) with a large collection of fashionable clothes from 1945 to our days.
Castle Palee Longshamp, Located at the end of the eponymous boulevard 2 km east of the port, forms a grand end of the aqueduct, many centuries feeding in the city of Durans River. Although the aqueduct itself is no longer used for the water supply of Marseille, the water on it is still fed to the center of the elegant colonnade connecting the wings of this majestic palace. In the northern wing is extensive City Museum of Fine Arts, in southern – Museum of Natural History (open from Thursday to Sunday from 10.00 to 17.00; entrance – 4 euros), and directly opposite the palace – Museum of Fine Arts Coffin Labadi (Open from Thursday to Sunday, from June to September – from 11.00 to 18.00, from October to May – from 10.00 to 17.00; Login – 2 euros).
To the northeast of Palae-Longshamp, at the end of the Mal-Juin Boulevard, the ultra-modern complex rises Hotel Du Departement (Organized excursions are held), and even further, in the quarter Saint-Zhust-Chartro, – the government office of the Bush-du Ron Department – the largest public building of France, built in the twentieth century.
Main Marseille shopping district Discussed between three streets south of Boulevard La Canebire – Rue Paradis, Rue St-Ferreol and Rue de Rome. And between St-Ferreol and Grignan Streets there is the most significant art museum of the city – Pictures (Open from Thursday to Sunday, from June to September – from 11.00 to 18.00, from October to May – from 10.00 to 17.00; ENTRANCE – 3 euros), in a pair of quarters of east of which one of the most cozy places of the city can be found – Boulevard Julien (Notre-Dame-Du-Mont-Cours-Julien) with his ponds, fountains, "Bohemny" restaurants and shops.
Also deserve attention Park named Pierre, old Hotel Dieu (Rebuilding in the Fashion Hotel Intercontinental), Baroque Town Hall (Hotel de Ville, XVII B.), Saint-Mari Majer Cathedral (Founded in the IV century, actively rebuilt in the XI-XIX centuries.), Saint-Lauren Church (XII B.) and Saint Catherine Church (XVII B.), Park Shano with his exhibition center, Faro Park At the foot of Lighthouse Fare de Saint-Marie and Museum Terroir Marseillais In the castle of Homber (contrary to his frightening name, this collection is devoted to the history and crafts of Marseille and the surrounding regions).
Very near the city center, just a few blocks south of Palae du Faro, there is also the most popular beach of the city – Des Catalan, Notes Start Avenue Corniche and J.-F. Kennedy, who follow past the rocks and monument by Ma-O-Orienne to the East, to the Marmuz Peninsula, Cape Croiset, Abandoned Monastery on the Islet of D’Endum (Iles d’Endoume) and the legendary castle of IF. Here, at the foot of the cliffs, is the main beach of the city – Prado, as well as nearby Borore Park With a lake, rosarians, palm trees and a botanical garden (open daily from 6.00 to 21.00; Free admission).
Around the city
From Prado Beach you can walk to the suburbs Montrion with his paste castle (XIX in.), famous for a huge park and a museum of Fayans (open from Thursday to Sunday, from June to September – from 11.00 to 19.00; From October to May – from 10.00 to 17.00; The entrance is 2 euros), to the nearby coast with easily accessible caves right at the water river, to the Mac Modern Art Museum, to the architectural complex of the Unite d’Habitation work of Le Corbusier to the west of MICHELET Boulevard, as well as to the ultramodern Great Marsel Mosque (Complex, including Islamic cultural center, still built).
The cultural and nightlife of Marseille is also very rich – there are many musical clubs of all sorts of orientation, open areas, nightclubs and discos, as well as famous Marseille Theater and the National House of theater, famous Criee’s theater sites, Le Gymnase and Tourski, Movie House, National Ballet Marseille, the so-called interdisciplinary complex of arts, a classic Marseille opera near the old port, a cinema center and a huge number of other entertainment and educational institutions.
For the convenience of visiting Museums of Marseille, a special Marseille City Pass subscription (18 and 25 euros), operating within one or two days, respectively, which implies a free entrance to museums, IF Castle, participation in a number of organized excursions and free use of the city bus service system and metro.
Reviews and studies of trips
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