Cities of France: Dijon
The main city of this historical area is Dijon (Dijon) – located in 315 km south-east of Paris, on the banks of the Burgundy (Côte d’Orsk) canal.
The city was founded at the time of the Roman Empire as a post at the trading path from Albion’s shores to Adriatic. K x century n. NS. This is a major shopping center and the capital of the Dukes of the Burgundy, but the twilight period of the city falls on the XIV-XV century, the times of Philip and Karl bold. The rulers of Burgundy skillfully used their enormous wealth and power (especially control over Flanders – the main production region of that time) to transform Dijon into one of the largest centers of science, education and art in Europe. Despite the fact that after the joining of Burgundy to France (1477 g.) The city lost its capital status, he remained one of the most influential provincial cities of the country.
In the very center of Dijon, the Duccian Palace Palace de Duke (XIV-XVII centuries.), rebuilt as many times that only two donzhone towers remained from his initial appearance. In the eastern wing and tower, the bar is now housed the Museum of Fine Arts (open daily, except Thursday, from 9.30 to 18.00, the entrance is free), and from the top platform of a higher Tower Filipp de Bon opens a stunning panorama of the city and swaying on the horizon Alps. During excursions on the castle, you can see many pegments of the fragments of ancient facilities, an extensive kitchen, a magnificent Ceremonial Warper’s Ceremonial Hall with Wooden Carved Panels and Menstrel Gallery, as well as the graves of the dukes with their amazing painted sculptures of the deceased, surrounded by Gold plated angels.
However, no less interesting in the architectural plan than the Palace, are the mansions of the rich burghers who can be found in the old quarters of Pale-de-Duke in the old quarters, on the streets of Verrerie, Vannerie, Forges and Chaudronniere. Here, among the paved alleys between Rue de La Chouette and Rue de La Prefecture, there is a Gothic Church of Notre Dame (beginning of XIII in.), on the facade of which there are clock Jacmar (1383 g.). Big fame of this temple brought a wooden sculpture located in the southern test "Black Madonna" (IX B. – One of the oldest in France), also known as "Lady Hope" (appeals to it are recorded in a special open book constantly lying on the department in front of the altar), as well as on the northern wall of a small sculpture of owls (Chouette), literally polished by the hands of passers-by, which for many centuries concern it in the hope of luck (passing along Walls Street even got a name in her honor – Rue de la Chouette).
From the walls of the church, you can go down the street of Musenet (Rue de La Musette) to the West, to the noisy market quarter around the Rue de Soissons and a beautiful small square of Francois-ore with its picturesque cafes and a fountain in the form of a bronze figurine of grape collector. On the south side of Darcy Square, the church of Saint-Michel is towering, behind which you can also find many magnificent mansions of the XVII-XVIII centuries. In one of them there is an art museum Magnin (open from Thursday to Sunday from 10.00 to 12.00 and from 14.00 to 18.00, entrance – 3.5 euros), and in another, located on the square of the Cordele, at once, two museums – the Museum of Burgundy (open daily, except Thursday, from May to September – from 9.00 to 18.00; From October to April – from 9.00 to 12.00 and from 14.00 to 18.00; The entrance is free) with a large collection of life and everyday life of local residents, as well as an excellent museum of church art adjacent to him (the work schedule is the same). A big church of the former Reformed Center – Abbey Cen-Benin (XIX in.), next to which, in the shady garden, there is a rich museum of archeology (open from Wednesday on Sunday, from mid-May to September – from 9.00 to 18.00; From October to mid-May – from 9.00 to 12.30 and from 13.30 to 18.00; Free admission).
The subjects of the glorious past of the city serve so-called wells Moise, the ruins of the Shanmol Monastery (XIV in.), Dijon Museum (second on the wealth of exposition among the country’s provincial museums), the Rolelin Museum of Roleno, and even the flavory museum of the mustard (the French consider the city of the birthplace of this seasoning and the most important center of its manufacture).
Around the city
Dijon is not a center of winemaking, but there are such famous vineyards around it, such as Côte de Brouli, Puyi-sur-Louar, Latt, Côte de Nuts, Côte de Bon, Jon, Chalnon, Chaln and Beaujola. Attractive rural areas of the Department of Côte d’Or, famous for their cool Escarps and Caves of Massif Bres, small green valleys and canals connecting Seno and the Rhone Swimming pool. It is worth visiting the ancient town ever crowned by tourists Bon (Beaune, the Motherland in the world in the world of the museum of wine, working so far, as well as one of the few cities in France, in which most stores are open and during Lunch), CLOS-DE-DOUGEOT, XIII in.) – one of the largest centers of winemaking in the region, old city quarters Chalon-sur-Son (Chalon-Sur-Saone), beautiful small town Tour (Turnus) with his Church of the Abbey Cen-Filiber (VIII-XI centuries. – One of the earliest and most characteristic romance structures in Burgundy). You can also go through or pass one of the best wine routes of France – WWW Wine Road.Bourgogne-Tourisme.Com.
West Sleep Valley Begins Hilly Country, which is the most famous manufacturer of grapes in the area – White Wines Macon, Young Red Beaujolais and Easy Character are known far beyond France. Here you can find a huge number of monasteries – it is their inhabitants who made French winemaking with what it is today. Abbey Keys Until now, is the main point of attraction in the region. In the Middle Ages, this monastery, founded in 910, was the second on the effect after the Vatican, and his abbot’s voice was, perhaps, no less significant in political and religious affairs than the opinion of Pope Roman. It is enough to say that in the middle of the XII century to the zone of influence, there are about 2000 monasteries throughout Europe, and the main church of the Abbey was the largest in the world until the construction of St. Peter’s Cathedral in the Vatican. However, gradually his spiritual effect decreased, in the time of Richelieu and Mazarini, the keys became almost court abbey, and in 1793 it was almost completely destroyed by peasants. Nowadays, we can see an octagonal bell tower and a huge southern bank of the main temple, the highest school of engineering business (one of the authoritative universities of France), the equestrian plant of the key, as well as the museum of art and archeology in the XV century palace.
Be sure to visit the vineyards of the Maconna (Maconnais), in the prehistoric museum near the 500-meter rock Solwell (in Late Neolithic, she served as ambushes for hunters – more than one hundred thousand animal bones were found in the area), visit the sleepy town Saint-Puen, In the castle of which the famous French poet and politician Alphonse de Lamartin spent most of his life (now there is a museum), go through the famous terraced hill of Borrowola – the homeland of the same name grapes, visit the Basilica, the famous Sacre Cour (X-XII centuries.) v Pair-le-monyal (Paray Le Monial), as well as several dozen old monasteries focused along the central channel.
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