Cities of France: Bordeaux

Gironda Department Center – the ancient city of Bordeaux (Bordeaux) lies in the lower course of the Garonna River, just 70 km above the mouth and 32 km from the ocean coast.

The foundation date of the city is lost in the centuries, but it is definitely known that already by the III century. NS. Burdigala, as the city was called, was the capital of the province of Aquitain of Secund and a large shopping center. Now this is the fifth largest city of France, recognized capital of winemaking, large port and one of the most beautiful cities in the country in which French and British traditions were brightly mixed.


Old city, Lying Comedy Square, impressive mansions along the coast of the river and Cathedral Saint-Pierre, Almost entirely built up enough characteristic buildings of the XVII-XVIII centuries, especially noticeable between the squares of Parliament, Saint-Pierre and the Grand Theater. Most of the narrow streets and old mansions in recent years have been carefully renovated.

Center for Public Life – Grand Theater, Built on the site of the ancient Roman temple by architect Viktor Louis in 1780. His facade is decorated with a huge portist with columns, crowded with 12 muses and graces, and internal decoration no less magnificent (organized excursions on the complex are held from July to August, from Monday to Saturday at 11.00, cost – 5.5 euros). From the theater, the most beautiful streets of the city are running away – the main trading "area" Ste-Catherine, Luxury L’Intendance Avenue, Shady Tourny Alley.

Near Esplanada Quinconces The area of ​​almost 12 hectares (the largest area of ​​this kind in Europe) and the large area of ​​the Bourse with a fountain to the embankment Three graces. At the end of the marina are towering two high Columns, crowned by allegorical statues of trade and navigation (1829 g.), and in the opposite end of Esplanade – Monument to Girondinzham – The magnificent ensemble of statues and fountains established in honor of local deputies of the revolutionary meeting (1789.), later accused Robespierre in a counter-revolutionary plot.

The impressive building of the old customs towers nearby (1733 g.) in which now is located Customs Museum (open from Thursday to Sunday from 10.00 to 18.00, input – 3 euros) with an extensive collection on the history of the port of Bordeaux and Seaflovania. A little further south on the banks of Garonna can be detected Bridge Kyle (Porte Cailhau, XV in.) And impressive Pierre Bridge, or the stone bridge (although it is actually brick), built during the Spanish Napoleon campaigns (17 Arches of the Bridge symbolize 17 victories of the emperor). Especially fasculating views from the bridges open at night, when the illumination spot turns on.

Cours De L’Intendance Prospectus with its numerous chic shops displays to completely surrounded by restaurants and cafes of the Gambet area with her Arch Dijo (city gate XVIII in.). South rises Cathedral Saint-Andre (XII-XVI centuries., Open from Monday to Saturday with 7.30 to 11.30 and from 14.00 to 18.30), a distinctive feature of which are twin spires on the northern translatum and adjacent, but separated from the temple itself Bell Tower of PF-Bernard (XV B.).

Cities of France Bordeaux

The best museums of the city are concentrated just within the dialing of two or three quarters from the Cathedral. Directly behind the classic town hall, the complex of the old palace of the Archbishop, which is now located Museum of Fine Arts (open daily, except Thursday, from 11.00 to 18.00; entrance to permanent exhibitions free; Temporary exhibitions – 5 euros) with a collection of the best works of European masters. No less attractive Museum of Decorative Arts (open daily, except Thursday, from 11.00 to 18.00; entrance to permanent exhibitions free; Temporary exhibitions – 5 euros) in a beautiful mansion of the XVIII century. Continuing movement clockwise around the cathedral, you can go to National Center Jean-Moulin (Opened from Thursday to Sunday; Login is free), dedicated to the history of the occupation of the city and local resistance. And further, on Cours Pasteur, is located Museum of Aquitaine (open from Thursday to Sunday from 11.00 to 18.00; entrance to permanent exhibitions free; Temporary exhibitions – 5 euros), considered one of the best museums of the city. Here is a collected extensive collection on regional ethnography, history, agriculture and winemaking. And closures "Ring museums" A somewhat heavy gothic Tower Gros Clohe (XV B.), originally part of the medieval town hall.

North-west of Gambet Square begins Beautiful Park Jardin-public (Open daily, from April to October – from 7.00 to 20.00-21.00; from November to March – from 7.00 to 18.00; free entry) in which there are Botanical Garden And small Museum of Natural Science. Behind the green zone stretches the quiet, almost provincial quarter of two-story stone buildings and narrow streets around Rue du Dr-Albert-Barraud. Decoration of this area is the so-called "Palace Gallene", In fact, representing a third century arena – all that remains from the Roman capital of Aquitaine. Nearby, on the DELERME Square, there is an unusual round Market Hall, And east, closer to the river, – Modern Art Museum (open from Thursday to Sunday from 11.00 to 18.00, on Fridays – from 11.00 to 20.00; Entry – 5 euros), which occupies the rebuilt customs warehouse of the XIX century.

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Cities of France Bordeaux

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