Cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo

The city of Sarajevo is founded in 1263 g. and got the name then "Bosnovar" (in Serbian Wrkhbosna). The city is located in the surrounded mountains, and open only from the west side, at an altitude of 450 m above sea level.

Before the war, Sarajevo was considered "The eastern city in Europe", Almost completely retaining presented by his rich history "Oriental" The appearance with a huge number of mosques, narrow streets, markets and picturesque old Turkish bazair. The embankment of the city remained in almost unchanged form from the fateful day on June 28, 1914, when here, at the Little Bridge on Franz Joseph Street, Franz Ferdinand was killed. For hundreds of years, Sarajevo was a place where Muslims, Serbs, Croats, Jews and other peoples could live in peace with each other, but this idyll collapsed in 1992, when a fratricide civil war began. Despite the three-year siege, Sarajevo was able to restore the ashes once again, but still visible traces of war on its streets and squares, and many buildings never restored. However, Sarajevo lives, cute city trams run through the old streets, in the restaurants and a cafe many visitors, and tourism began to gradually return to the city.

The Eastern Christian part of the city lies on the plain and is an almost solid mass of the houses of the most diverse architecture, in the Muslim neighborhoods located on the slopes of the mountains and separated by the river Mily, the houses are scattered by small groups, and gardens spread out between them. The miracle survived two Orthodox churches – the old church of Saints Mikhail and Gabriel (presumably 1478-1539.) and the Cathedral Church of the Holy Mother of God (1863-1868.), 4 Catholic churches, including the spiritual center of Bosnian Catholics – the Cathedral (XVIII century), 3 synagogues, including the old synagogue (1566-1581.) in which the Jewish Museum with the famous "Code Hagada", as well as the town hall ("Night", 1896) in the Moorish style and the Palace of Regional Department.

Dominance in the city landscape Coloric Muslim facilities, most of which are considered to be the masterpieces of Ottoman architecture – a mosque "Tsareva-Jamia" ("Tsarist Mosque", XVI B), the largest in the country "Bezova-Jamia" (XV B.), Ali Pasha-Jamia (1560-1561.) And about a hundred mosques, Madrasa Cursumuli (1537 g) with a library, there are about 50 thousand manuscripts today, Barcharchaiya Tower (XV C), Brous-Sanista Shopping Center, Old Caravan Sarai (XV B) on Morika Khan , Turkish fortress with 12 towers on a rocky ledge, and many shopping buildings of the Turkish era.

Across the river Milyachka throw one-time break "Goat Bridge", being one of the oldest monuments of the city. "Latin Most" through all the same mile, where a member of the organization "Mlada Bosna" Gavrilo The principle killed Erzgertzog Franz Ferdinand, is considered another attraction of the city – today there is a museum of principle. Also deserve attention to the Bosnian Regional Museum, Museum of Local Sciences of the Zemalsky Museum, as well as Olympic Objects.

Another attraction of Sarajevo sincerely was considered the market "Charshia" and shopping area "Bar-Charsia", representing a whole area in the old part of the city, dissected by narrow streets and alleys, literally diluted shops and shops. In the narrow streets there are people, peering in a cafe, shops of souvenirs, in numerous jewelry shops and confectionery – "Postcassian". Went all this forever buzzing market famous pigeon square, really chosen hundred. Nearby is the trading area of ​​Gazi-Hosras-Run, where there are also many shops of all the masters, and the timing area of ​​the bar, which was once one of the major stations of the Great Silk Road.

13 km west of Sarajevo, at an altitude of 500-570 m above sea level, in the Sarayevsko-Field, lies the balneoclimatic resort of Ilge (Kessel). Surrounded by picturesque ridges Ichaman (height up to 1502 m.) and Trevovic who protect the resort from cold winds, this geographical center of the former Yugoslavia is widely known as one of the best thermal resorts in Europe. Thermal waters (from +32 to +57.6 seconds) with a unique chemical composition, sulphide mud, wonderful climate and abundance of sunny days a year – these are the main factors of its popularity.

Reviews and studies of trips

Cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo

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