Cities of Austria: Linz
Located at the place of sign in the Danube River Traun, it was founded by the Romans as a port of Reniya (Renius) and quickly turned into the main medieval trading center on this great river. From 1489 to 1493, he even managed to visit the capital of the Empire, in 1785 it becomes the center of the bishop of. Only in the XIX century, the favorable position of the Linz began to fruit again – in 1832 the first grand railway on the continent passes here, and by the end of the century the city developed to the largest railway assembly of the empire. At the same time, Linz becomes an important cultural center of the country (a considerable degree thanks to Anton Brukner, who served as an organist in the city council). At the end of the XIX – early XX century, Linz turns into a large industrial center, and its steel and chemical products are still widely known in the world. However, in our days, there is surprisingly little citizens living here – less than two hundred thousand, therefore, even despite its express industrial appearance, Linz was able to preserve and characteristic provincial charm, attracting a lot of tourists here.
- Baroque church Valfartskishrheus
- District of Urfar
- New Cathedral
Main Street Linza Landstrasse Surprisingly desert, cars here are no more than in some provincial town, but trams, shops, cafes and department stores give her a kind of color. As small and historical Quarter Altstadt in the north end of Landstrasse. Only fragments of old urban walls can be found around, the pretty main Square hauptplatz (the largest medieval area of the country) with Column of Holy Trinity (XVIII B.) and Old Town Hall (XVI B.), the main art gallery of the city – Lentos Kunstmuseum (one of the largest museums of modern art in Austria) near the Nibelungenbruck bridge, Alter-House Cathedral (XVII B.) in the southeast corner of Hauptplatz, Parish church With the Mausoleum of Emperor Friedrich III, as well as a complex of regional parliament in the former Minorite Monastery (XIII-XV centuries.). On the western tip of Altstadt, on a high cliff over the Danube, rises Winberg Castle (XIII-XV centuries.), the former residence of Friedrich III, and now the Land Museum of Upper Austria.
Lying in several quarters west of landstrasse New Cathedral started to build in 1855, but finished only in 1924. This is the second in height of the country’s temple – the height of its spiers is 134 meters. In several quarters, east is located Nordico – Former city museum, and now – exhibition gallery. Until 1786, the building was used by Jesuits as a college for Scandinavian youth, from here and his name. Nearby LandesGalerie It takes a luxurious color building of the mustard, built in 1887, and now hosts various temporary exhibitions on art and natural sciences. A kind of sights of the city are also a number of places associated with the name Adolf Hitler, who was born in the town of Brownau-am-Inn (Braunau am Inn), but always considered his hometown of Linz, the graves of his parents could still be seen in the cemetery in the suburbs Leoniding, where they lived for almost 5 years.
- Cathedral of immaculate conception in Linz
- Design Center in Europe
- Hauptplatz in Linz
You can visit the opera room Grosses Haus and City Theater (Landestheater) on Promenade Street, Children’s Theater in Complex Kuddelmuddel, Museums of Wolfgang Gurlitta, Stifenthta and "Origin of Linz", female Monastery Ursulinehof On Landstrasse (now – Concert Hall), modern Broaner Concert Center (Untere Donaulande, 7), Theaters of Phoenix, Variety-chameleon and Kellert, as well as pretty unsightly outside New Town Hall In the Danube Danube Danube Orthar (Urfahr) in the northern shore. Nearby is great "Museum of Future" ARS ELECTRONICA CENTER With a large variety of multimedia expositions. From here, from the TalStation station, you can ride on the Postlingberg-Bahn funicular tram, which raises tourists high above the city quarters, to the top of the top Pöstlingberg (539 m) and baroque Church Valfartskirche On the ridge of the hill. Children will be interested in the park miniature Marchenfeld and its underground railway Grottenban, which pulls "the Dragon".
Tourist office of the city of WWW.Linz.AT is located in the old town hall at Hauptplatz and can offer a large selection of good reference products about the city and upper Austria in general. Here you can also purchase Linz City Ticket (20 euros), which provides entrance to eleven museums (a separate version of it is also available only for museums – MueUmskarte, 10 euros), zoo and botanical gardens, a few trips to Postlingberg-Bahn and a yellow toy sightseeing train that loops around the city center, as well as a 10-euro voucher, which can be used in most city restaurants.
Around the city
In the vicinity of Linz there are two of the most beautiful monasteries of Upper Austria. Famous Augustinian Monastery of St. Florian Located in the town of the same name 12 km south-east of Linz. Founded in 1071 at the site of the burial of St. Florian, who served as an official in the nearby city of Lauriakum (now ENS) and tortured for faith in 304 g. N. NS. Magnificent interiors and frescoes, a library and a hotel for important persons of the past, numerous collections (abbey has the largest meeting of Albrecht Altdorfer in the world), chamber music festival and theatrical views in Palace Tillisburg (July) Attract here thousands of tourists. Anton Bruckner, who served here at the organist was buried in the monastery church. Nearby is the original Firefighter Museum (Saint Florian is the heavenly patron of firefighters) and Museum of Hunt In the castle of Hoenbrunn (1729 g., 2 km west of the monastery).
Cistercian Monastery Wilhering (Wilhering, 8 km up on the Danube from Linz) was founded in the XII century, although the majority of the structures remained to this days are dating 1733-1754. The main attraction is wonderful Church of Shittelkish In the style of Rococo, which dominates the complex and herbaceous main courtyard with its circle of conical trees. The wealth of decoration in the stunning interior developed by Martino Altomonte and his nephew Bartolomeo is simply amazing, and the frescoes and the organ with the gold-plated filigree and the clock between the pipes are simply unique.
- Monastery Wilhering
- Ennsegg Castle in Ence
- Town Kefermarkt
20 km below the Danube, near the place of sign in the Danube of the Ens River, there is a notorious death camp Mauthausen, Built in August 1938, concluded from the concentration camp in Dakha near Munich. Theoretically, Mauthausen was a labor camp, but from almost 200 thousand his "Residents" Every second died, and most of them were the Soviet and Polish prisoners of war. Now their memory is devoted to the local museum with an extensive collection of objects and movies of that era, as well as the construction of this terrible place, TODESTIEGE ("Staircase death") from 189 steps that are out of the granite career North-west of the camp, as well as the castle of Hartheim located under the Linz, where there was "Center Euthanasia", Most of the lives of more than 12 thousand prisoners.
Attractive small town Ens (ENNS) lies 16 km below the Danube from Linz. Located close to the mouth of the Ens River, it was a strategically important point for almost two thousand years, served as the capital of the Roman region of Norikum, and the military base of the second legion, and the main shopping center of the Southern German lands in the Middle Ages, and the capital of an important agricultural region of the country. As a result, it is now considered the oldest Austrian city, the proof of which is a patent issued to ENSA AJ in 1212!
The main square of Hauptplatz is very attractive – each of its side is formed by baroque facades of old mansions, many of which hide much more ancient arcade inland courtyards. Here you can see a huge tower Stadtturm (XVI B., Height 60 m), Alteburg on Wienerstrasse, beautiful Renaissance buildings on Linzerstrasse, Town Hall of the XVI century (Now there is an excellent Museum of Lauriakum WWW.Museum-Lauriacum.AT), Gothic Basilica St. Laurentz (XII-XV centuries.,1 km to the north-west of the Old Town) with elements of the Roman-Celtic Temple of 180 years. NS. and churches 370 years. NS.
The north of the Linz, between the Danube and the Czech border, is a picturesque valley Mulfirtel (Muhlviertel), little familiar to foreign tourists. It is worth paying attention to the town Kefermark (Kefermarkt, about 30 km north-east of Linz) with his wonderful Church of Valfartskishrheus (XV B.), widely known for its carved pressed (approximately 1490 g.), beautiful small Winberg Castle (now there is a school of music and arts), as well as surrounded by a wall Freystadt city (Freistadt) just north, considered one of the best preserved medieval fortress cities in the country.
In this edges, one of the best cycling routes of Europe – Danube Cycleway, walking from German Passau (Passau) through Linz, Ens, Mauthausen, Melk and Krems on Town, Vienna and Bratislava. In addition to its overall attraction and plurality of attractions, the Danube Valley, the route (total length of 365 km) is also known for the quality of the route itself, an abundance of water excursions, good hotels and the ease of many places that can be visited. And bicycles can be rented in almost any city on his way, which allows you to pass it in parts.
About the city. Culture. Business. Medicine. Education. Projects. Events and events. sights. Plan and map of the city. River walks on the Danube. Excursions. Recreation opportunities with children. Thematic visits. How to get. Accommodation, online booking. Restaurants. Tourist card Linzcard. MICE-INDUSTRY. Tourist information center. Multimedia. Links.