Cities of Austria: Hallstatt
12 km south of Bad Ishlu lies a narrow, similar to the Fjord Lake Hallastter-Ze. Surrounded from all sides by the slopes of Dakhstein and Hoor-Zarshtein, it is considered the most beautiful lake of the region, which a lot of color is added by numerous villages, literally clinging for the slopes of the surrounding mountains.
The capital of the district is the town of Hallstatt (Hallstatt) lies on the south-west of the lake basin and is considered one of the most attractive settlements of Salzkammergut. The coastline here is so narrow that some transport highways brought into separate tunnels, enveloping the city from the West, and even the station lies on the opposite shore! Therefore, landing from the train and crossing the city by itself are an interesting tourist attraction. At the same time, Halstatt is also one of the most ancient cities in Europe – in the first I millennium BC, people mined salt in the surrounding mountains and traded it with all the continent. Therefore, the term "Halstatt, or Galstatt, culture" For a long time and firmly entered the archaeology as a synonym for early Celtic civilization that flourished in the central part of Europe during the early Iron Age (800-500. to N. NS.).
- Town Hallstatt
- Houses on the shore of Lake Hallastter-Ze
- Parish church
- Central Square Marktplatz
Cute Hallstatt buildings with their beautiful wooden frontones and decorated with flowers with balconies cool down to the lake, and a tiny triangular central square MarkTplatz Together with the labyrinth of the surrounding narrow streets form a colorful historical core of the city. The most interesting church of the city is traditionally called Pharrcirche ("Parish church", XVI B.) and settled on the terrace north of MarkTplatz. In the adjacent chapel, you can detect the altar of the middle of the XV century, and on the adjacent cemetery there is a small stone crypt, known as Bainhouse. This is a rather unusual, but a very characteristic building for this place – due to the limited area of the cemetery until 1983, the bones of the deceased after a certain time dug out from the ground and transferred here, freeing the place for new burials. Until now, you can see the rows of skulls on the upper shelves (specially marked with a special way: – Female decorated with floral motifs, men’s oak leaves or ivy) and other bones, neatly folded lower as firewood.
- Types of Hallstatt
- Stone crypt Banehouse
- Valley Salzberg
- Narrow streets of Hallstatt
Many of the finds of the Celtic period, glorifying the city, can be seen in the recently expanded Museum of Chalstatt Culture on Seestrasse, 56. In its filling, this is one of the best museums of this kind in the world, especially if you consider the complete lack of politicization of finds and their careful historical justification. Interestingly, the honor of the opening of this unique culture belongs not to a professional archaeologist, but Johann Georgu Ramzauer, who worked as a clerk at a local solemn company. In 1846, he independently began systematic studies of salt reservoirs Valley Salzberg (Salzberg) right above the city and over the next 18 years opened more than a thousand graves of the middle of the I millennium to our era. The collection also includes a collection of a non-existing local history museum, representing a comprehensive picture of almost 7,000 years of history of the region.
Reviews and studies of trips
Galstat and Galstatat Lake
Galstat – a tiny town in the Alps, squeezed on a narrow plot between the rocks and the lake. Galstatt is located far from large highways, which does not prevent him from tens of thousands of tourists read more →
First Randevo with Europe
. That ended our first dates with Europe. The beauty of the nature of nature and the colorfulness of impressions erased all the small troubles that arose in the way. Sea of flowers, hot sun, combined with a refreshing coolness of a mountain breeze, rocky walls leaves with the sky, the aromas of the mountain herbs will forever be remembered and will be treated here again. Read more →
Veronika | July 2007
Automotive journey through the lake edge Salzkammergut
We lived not in Salzburg, but in the suburban town Sant Wolfgang. Thanks to the tour operator for this invaluable advice. We lived in a stunning location on the shore of a mountain lake with a huge trout near the shore, blue mountains with snow-white vertices, at the Zum Wassen Hirshen (white deer). Read more →