Cities of Austria: Graz
Administrative center of Styria and the second large population City of the country, Graz WWW.graztourism.AT lies in the very place where Moore’s waters break out of the chai-Alpe spurs on the plain.
According to archaeological finds, the settlement in this place existed even during the bronze century, but the city as such was founded in the V-VI centuries. N. NS. With the arrival of the Slavic tribes that built here a small strengthening of Grades (Slovenian city is still so called – GRADEC). The German name of Graz began to use from 1128, when Babenbergs turned the city to an important commercial center, and in 1281 he already receives special privileges of King Rudolph I, becoming the outpost of the emerging Austrian Empire in the southeast. In the XIV century, the Castle of Graz Schlossberg becomes a residence of one of the branches of the Habsburgs dynasty, from where they managed Styrian, Karintia and part of the territory of modern Italy and Slovenia. In 1585, the Karl-Franzens Universitat (at different times, Kepler, Schrödinger and Tesla worked here here, and now 37 thousand students are learn – more than 12% of the city’s population!) And dozens of beautiful Italian style buildings are being built (the city is considered the place of becoming a baroque in the Austrian Earth). The impregnable Citadel Graz was safer than Vienna, so the city had learned the city from the influx of military architects, mercenaries and aristocrats during the Turkish Wars. Powerful strengthens allowed him to avoid capture by the enemy – Schlossberg (founded in the XII in.) I was the only fortress in the region, which was never seized by the Turks (however, it did not prevent Napoleonic troops, we also failed to take the Citadel to the assault, blow it up after the surrender of the whole country), did not suffer a little city and during the Second World War. Therefore, the Graz is considered one of the most colorful settlements of the region, combining both numerous monuments of antiquities and traces of various cultures.
Most of the sights of Graz focused on the eastern shores of the Moore River, around the triangular area of Hauptplatz and framing her streets Herrengasse, Sporgasse and Sackstrasse, forming the historic core of the city. Once this place has risted the Fortress of the Schlossberg, destroyed in 1805, but now it has been preserved only the hour tower in Urthur (XIV in.) and the bell tower of Gloccenturb (XII-XIV centuries.), around which a pleasant park extends (you can get here both on foot and on special funicular Schlossbergbahn).
In the surrounding old quarters, you can also see the colorful Town Hall (XVI in., One of the best examples of the Renaissance architecture in Austria), Arsenal (Tsoyughauses, 1642.) With the world’s largest collection of medieval weapons (more than 30 thousand exhibits), Landhaus Palace (1557-1565., Residence of the Parliament of Styria), the beautiful bell tower of the Church of Stadtpharkirche (XVIII in.), a labyrinth of narrow streets around StempFergasse leading to the tomb of Ferdinand II (1614 g.), the Cathedral of Domkirh (XII-XV centuries.) and lying a little east of the residence Friedrich III – Castle Burg (1438-1453.). Also good. Beautiful city park on the scene destroyed in 1784 urban fortifications, lying in its most his center the exhibition pavilion Forum Stadpark, "Colored house" Hemelytes House (painting performed in 1742.), medieval gate burrotor on Hofgasse, Palace Zoau (XVII in.) and Museum of Folklore Styria on Paulustorgasse.
In 1999, the entire historical core of the city was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage.
Also deserve attention to the Bishop Palace, Herburstin Palaces (XVII in., Now there is an artistic new gallery), Kyunberg mansions (place of birth "Uncomfortable Erzgertzoga" Franz Ferdinanda, now there is an excellent urban museum WWW.Stadtmuseum-graz.AT) and Certificate (in our days – headquarters of various festivals), modern exhibition center House-im-Berg, or "Cathedral in Mountain" (almost under the ruins of the castle of the Schlossberg), belonged to the Tuton Order Gothic Church of Lehkirche (XIII in.) in the famous Bars and Cafe by the University district (in total in the city of four universities), Church of Herz-Yezu-Kirhe (1881-1887., The largest church of the Graz and the third in the height of spiers in Austria), botanical gardens on Zinzendorfstrasse and the famous opera (Opera House) at Kaiser-Josef-Platz, in which the Operse Rediit Ball and Holiday are held in January "Christmas in Styria".
West, already on the other side of Mura, there are city art gallery (Kunsthaus graz, 2003.), modern cultural and exhibition complex Murrinsel on an artificial island in the middle of the river, the beautiful church of Maria-Hilf-Kehche (XV-XIX centuries.) and Baroque Castle Shlosh Eggenburg (1625 g.) With three historical and archaeological collections. On the northeast outskirts of the city, the baroque basilica Mariatrost (XV-XVIII centuries.), which is considered one of the most beautiful in Styria, and on the North-West – Ruins of the Göstling castle, from which the most beautiful panorama on the tiled roofs of the city opens.
From the collections of Graz, guests are usually recommended to visit Kunsthaus Museum, Museum of Styria (including the museum of applied art with a rich collection of tin and iron products), Museum of Criminalistics, Museum of Aeronautics, Alte Galeri Gallery with a large collection of medieval art, and octagon complex ( Initially, the bath, and nowadays a rather unusual museum of perception).
Around the city
One of the most interesting collections of Styria – Austrian Outdoor Museum (Osterreichisches Freilichtmuseum) – is located 18 km north of Graz, between the villages Sting (Stubing) and enzynbach (enzenbach). Here on the square of almost 4 kV. KM collected more than 90 samples of rustic architecture from the whole country, carefully recreated bakeries, forge, bakery and other "Infrastructure of life". You can also visit the equestrian plant Gestut of the famous breed "Lipicer" in the village PIREREGG (Piberegg) and decorated Hundertwasser Church of Saint Barbara in Barnbach (Barnbach, both – north of the city of Koflach, 40 km west of the Graz).
40 km south of Graz lies the city Libnits (Leibniz, Leibnitz) with Zaggau castle, built by Archbishops of Salzburg in the XIII century, Baroque Church of Frauenberg on the site of the Roman Sanctuary and Ruins of the Roman City of Flavia Solva in the suburb of Wagna (Wagna). 20 km south-west of Libitsa, in the village Groskline (Grossklein), is located a small, but very informative Halstatt Museum, entirely dedicated to Celtic culture.
10 km south of Libnitsa lies a small village Ehrenhausen (Ehrenhausen), over which the fortress of the XVI century rises, which served the main outpost of numerous campaigns of the Dukes of Eggenberg against the Turks. And in the country itself, the church of the XVI-XVIII centuries has been preserved. With the graves of Christopher von Eggenberg and his family (the son of Christof Ruprecht rests in an elegant mausoleum, which dominates the villages from the south and is available on the stairs from the southern end of the village Square).
And west of Ehrenhausen begin the picturesque vineyards of Styria, United WEINSTRASSE tourist route. It is worth visiting the castle Gamlitz (Gamlitz) in the town of the same name with an excellent museum of winemaking, as well as first-class vineyards for valleys Cor moment (Sulztal) and Rach (Ratsch). However, one only Weinstrasse itineraries wineries Styria are not limited to – there Schilcherstrasse from Stainz (Stainz) to Deutschlandsberg (Deutschlandsberg), Sausaler Weinstrasse on the slopes of the mountain massif Zauzal (Sausal Gebirge) west of Leibnitz, Sudsteirische Weinstrasse from Ehrenhausen to continue along the Austrian – Cold Border, as well as Klocher Weinstrasse from Bad Radkersburg (Bad Radkersburg) to Fering (Fehring).
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