Cities of Afghanistan: Gazni
Gazni city is known from the VII century as a lively center of Buddhism. However, in the 9th century, the city was completely destroyed, but restored by the Arabs and turned into the capital of a huge empire of Gazgazevid. In 1151, Gazni is again destroyed by the troops of the Alauddin Gurde and is restored again, but in 1221 the troops of Genghis Khan again erase him from the face of the Earth. And again, Gazni will rebel from the ruins to enter the Empire of Mughal in the XVI century, and in 1747, with Akhmad-Shahe Drannd, the Afghan kingdom.
So stormy and tragic history of the city destroyed almost all of his once famous monuments. However, the Citadel Gazni reached this day (XIII-XVII centuries.) – One of the most impressive fortresses of Afghanistan, the famous minarets of Gazni – East and Western (both – XI in.), the tomb of Sultan Mahmuda GAP (XI in.) in the garden of Bahi-Firuzi, or Raus, and the grave of his father Sebockyndzhina on the slope to the north of the minarets, almost completely disappeared under the soil layer the remains of the Palace of Sultan Masud III (XI in.), Mausoleum of one of the most famous poets of the city – Sanai (XI in.) on the old cemetery north of the river, carefully restored grave Abdul Razzak, as well as a huge Buddhist stupa (III-VI centuries., Height up to 22 m), detected during the excavation on the Tepot-Sardar hill.
The city itself is now known mainly to its excellent baza carrier on which the goods from all over Afghanistan and the surrounding countries are flown. The business card of Gazni is its silver products and raincoats of embroidered sheepskin and leather "Pustin", or "Pushti", which are perhaps the main commodity in local markets.