Cities in Spain: Toledo
The capital of the province of the province of the same name and the autonomous community of Castile – La Mancha, Toledo city (Toledo) lies south-west of Madrid on the Tahoe River. The first settlements at this place were built by the Celts, but the date of the founding of the city is considered to be 192 before. NS., When the Romans founded the fortified town of Toltum. In the V century. NS. The city is captured by Westges who turned it into the capital of their kingdom and the center of Catholic Archbishop. In 712, the city is conquered by the Moors and is renamed to Tulaytel. Only on May 25, 1085, Alphonse VI Castilsky returns Toledo "In Lono Christianity", turning it into the residence of the kings of Castile, which he remained until 1561. During this time, the city returned the fame of the country’s religious center and became the capital of the Spanish weapon – the mixture of European and Arab traditions, as well as the nearby stocks of iron ores allowed to form a famous school masters here, whose armor and blades were famous throughout Europe.
Toledo and is now considered one of the most interesting historical cities in Spain. His visiting card is the fortress Alcazar (XII-XVIII centuries.), asked for his story a lot of Opiji (the latter was during the Civil War 1936-1939., During which the castle was practically erased from the face of the Earth) and therefore turned into a military museum. Majestic Cathedral (1226-1493., Sixth largest in the world!), lying in the heart of the city, is the religious center of Spain – here is the Department of Archbishop Tolvsky, the Supreme Hierarch of the Countries. In addition, under the arches of the Cathedral there are many magnificent frescoes and stained glass windows of El Greco, Velasquez and Goya.
The best samples of religious architecture include the Cathedral of St. Mary (XII-XV centuries.), El-Transito synagogues and Santa Maria La Blanca (XII in., rebuilt in XV in.), Church of Iglesia de Santo Tome (XII in., Here is the most famous masterpiece El Greco "Funeral Count Orsas" – The biggest painting of Spain, 4.8 by 3.6 meters), Church of Santiago del Arrabal (X-XII centuries.), Santa Isabel de Los Reyes (1477 g., Inside the walls are the Palaces of Toledo and Ayala, as well as the Church of San Antoline), San Ildondso Church (1628-1718.), San Roman (VIII-XIII centuries.), Hermita del Cristo de la Luz (built in 999 g. as a mosque), San Vicente (XIII in.), San Nicholas, San Lucas and San Andres (XII-XV centuries.).
Perfectly preserved Mosque de Las Tornarias (IX-XII centuries., Now there is a center of handicraft arts), Monasteries of San Juan de Los Reyes (the latest sample of the foxing gothic style in Spain), Las Hatanas with Baroque Church, Santo Domingo-El Antiguo (x in., Here is the tomb of El Greco), as well as the Baroque Church of Ermita de la Virgen de la Cabez. Archaeologists working in the Karranka district recently discovered a Catholic Basilica (IV in. N. NS.), which can be considered the most ancient in Spain.
To other attractions of the city include the Amphitheater and Aqueduct of the Roman period (it is interesting that the water supply system built by the Romans existed until the middle of XX.), the old fortress gate of Puerta del Cambrons (V-XV centuries.), Puerta de Bisagra (XI in., Main Gate of the Medieval City), Puerth Cristo de la Luz, Puerta de Los Alarcones, Puerta del Sol (XIII in.), Puerta de Valmardon (x in.), Alfons Vi Gate (838 g.), the Basilica of Saint Leockadia (x in.), also served as the tomb of the Westgoth kings.
No less interesting to the buildings of the Taveba (XVI in., Now there is a museum), Bridges San Martin (XI in.) and Alcantara (the latter was built by the Romans and Ele Greco was immortalized on the canvas "View of Toledo") with baroque arch and two towers (X-XI centuries.) At the edges, a complex of the university in the Renaissance Palace of Lorenzan, the main city square – Plaza de Sokodover (from Arabic "Sky market") with a monument to Cervantes, San Servando Castle, Posada de la Ermandad (XV in.), Renaissance Palace of Archbishopov (1575-1621.) and Ayuntamento (Town Hall) on the Square of the same name, the Jewish quarter of the Hudria with the Church of El Salvador (1041 g.), Palace-de-Fuensalid Palace (now there is a province council) and the center of art and crafts Taller del Moro, as well as the Medieval Palace of Casa de Mesa and the University of the Former Monastery of San Pedro-Martir.
Monastery Santa Fe, Belen Chapel (XI in.) and the Franciscan monastery of De La Concepcion are part of the Santa Cruz complex (1494-1524.) in which one of the best museums of the city is now located. Also deserve attention to the Museum of Contemporary Art in the building of the Kasa de Cadenas Mansion (XVI in.), Museum of El Greco, Museum of Victor Macho and the Westgoth Culture Museum in the Church of San Roman. In December 1987, Toledo was listed as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage.
Reviews and studies of trips
Alhambra – "Ruby in the crown of Granada"
View of Granada from the Gardens of Henellifa – Summer Residences Emirov Granada. Osada Granada. Wood carving in the Cathedral of Toledo. Read more →