German city: Stuttgart
The capital of the federal land of Baden-Württemberg and one of the largest industrial, cultural and shopping centers of Germany, Stuttgart (Stuttgart) is the place of extremely contradictory. His folk epithets include "The biggest small town of Germany" and "City where work is a pleasure", And there is a considerable sense. This is one of the largest innovative, industrial and transport centers of Europe, which has the highest level of well-being among German cities.
Founded in the year 950. NS. At the site of the Roman fortress, Bad Banstat Town Stuttgart (from StuTengarten Stulanenetsky, that is "Kobylya Sad" – The Swabian Duke Ludolf built here the first equestrian plant, hence the coat of arms) for many centuries remained the pastoral shopping center in the middle of the Narcar River, which combines the role of the capital of the county, and then the counties and kingdom of Württemberg. He is also relatively small – only 600 thousand inhabitants (with surroundings – about 3 million, 6th place in the country), but the industrial revolution of the XVIII-XIX centuries literally "shot" him among the leading settlements of the country. Construction of auto plants of future concerns Daimler and Porsche led to the appearance of another title – "The cradle of the automotive industry", and Bosch and Alcatel just strengthened this status.
Still Stuttgart – the city of culture and art with numerous museums and exhibition complexes of world-class, well-known opera and ballet platforms, recognized center of winemaking, the birthplace of many famous philosophers, writers and musicians. And forests, vineyards, meadows and gardens still occupy more than half of its area. Interestingly, even the name of the federal land is coming on behalf of the steep Hill Württemberg (on Staronesec – Wirtemberg) in the center of Stuttgart, on which there was the first residence of the rulers of these places.
old lock (Altes Schloss) on Schillerplatz is a residence of the rulers of the region from about 1320, when it was built. Flygeli and side wings were added in the middle of the XV century, while the complex acquired his renaissance view. Now there is placed Museum of Württemberg (Württembergisches Landesmuseum, www.Landesmuseum-Stuttgart.DE) with numerous exhibitions leaking the development of the area from the Stone Age to the present day (part of the complex passes reconstruction). In addition, in the castle church you can see the crypt of King Charles I Württemberg and his wife Olga, in the courtyard – a monument to Eberhard I, and from Karlsplatz – a small museum of a native of Claus Stauffenberg, which July 20, 1944 tried to kill Hitler.
Almost near, in the southern corner of Schlossplatz, the majestic complex of another royal residence rises – New castle Neues Schloss, 1746-1807.), almost rebuilt after the destruction of the Second World War. Today in the building there are ministries of finance and culture of the land of Baden-Württemberg. Also nearby, in the northern wing of the complex on Schillerplatz, the Old Office is located (Alte Kanzlei) and the popular restaurant eponymous. And in two quarters east, already at Konrad-Adenauer-Strasse, the palace of King Wilhelm (WilhelmPalais) rises, also practically destroyed by bombing World War II and carefully restored in 1965 – now the library is located here (Stadtbücheri).
Cathedral Church (Stiftskirche, University Church of the Holy Cross) – Home In the Hierarchy of the Evangelical Lutheran Confession of Württemberg – was built in the X-XI centuries. Some fragments of that Romanesque building are considered to still be seen in the interior, but today’s view with his two towers, the temple acquired in 1240-1347. Here you can see a double crypt Ulrich I and his second wife of Agnes (both died in 1265), Renaissance Choir (XVI in.), as well as necropolis of other members of this noble child.
Of the cult complexes, the local diocese, founded in 1821 in the South-West suburb of Rottenburg (Dioesis Rottenburgensis-Stutgardiensis). Her center is located in the beautiful Cathedral of St. Martin (Dom St. Martin, 1486-1821.) in Rottenburg, and a branch – in a modest on the view of the Cathedral of St. Eberhard (Domkirche St. Eberhard, 1978.) In Stuttgart.
Also worth a visit Old market complex (MarkThalle) in the Art Nouveau style lying in the northeastern end of Königstrasse Old Railway Station (Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof, 1922.) C 12-story tower – the main transport node of the city and the region, the Württemberg State Library complex (Württembergische Landesbibliothek, WLB, was founded in 1765) with a huge (3.5 million copies) by a meeting, broken into 10 collections, as well as carefully restored in 1994 Variety Fritrichsbau (Friedrichsbau Varieté) near the University of Stuttgart.
By the number of diverse museums Stuttgart, it may well be a competition of the capital of the country – all of them here are 11, not counting a variety of private collections. The main one is Old State Gallery (Alte StaatSgalerie, opened in 1843), which has an extensive collection of works of art of the XIV-XIX centuries, including the works of Rubens, Rembrandt, Monet, Renoara, Cezanne and Boys. Next to her relatively recently (1980.) The complex of the new State Gallery (Neue StaatSgalerie) with an extensive meeting of the works of Bekman, Dali, Matisse, Miro, Picasso, Clee, Chagal and Kandinsky,.
The newest (built in 2002) Museum of the History of Baden-Württemberg (Haus der Geschichte Baden-Württemberg) is dedicated to the history of the region, especially concentrating on the events of the XIX-XX centuries. Multimedia performances allow visitors to interact with thousands of objects and information fields. Also very interesting Stuttgart Art Museum (Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, WWW.Kunstmuseum-stuttgart.DE) with a large collection of artistic works of the XIX-XX centuries and the largest meeting of works by Otto Dix.
State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart (Staatliches Museum Für Naturkunde Stuttgart, SMNS) In the castle and Park Rosinstein introduces guests with biology and natural history, and the Löwentor Museum is part of the Museum – with paleontology and geology. Stuttgart Art Museum (Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, 2005.) Schlossplatz focuses on contemporary art, and unusual German Museum of Playing Maps (www.Spielkartenmuseum.DE) in the southern suburb of Echterdingen (Echterdingen) is proud of a charming collection of half a million cards from all continents, some of which more than 700 years.
The most famous expositions of the city are its famous technical museums, first of all opened in 2006 Museum Mercedes-Benz (www.Museum-Mercedes-Benz.COM) and located in the northern suburb of TsUffenhausen (Zuffenhausen) Museum Porsche (www.Porsche.COM / MUSEUM). Stuttgart is considered a homeland car – it was here that Gottlib Daimler founded Daimler-Benz, and it was here that the technical genius of Ferdinand Porsche gave a start to many unique technical solutions of the 20th century – from cars to tanks and hours. By the way, the Gottlib Daimler Memorial, which is naturally placed here – in the greenhouse on Taubenheimstrasse 13, which the inventor, along with his partner, Wilhelm Maybach used as the first shop for assembling machines. On the outskirts of the city, near the airport, there is the largest exhibition center of the region – Messe Stuttgart.
Entertainment in Stuttgart
One of the centers of the city’s cultural life – State Theater Stuttgart Staatstheater Stuttgart) is located in a majestic building with columns built between 1909 and 1912 as a new Royal Theater (Königliche Hoftheater). Strongly affected by the Second World Bombings, now it enlists the site of a number of troupe – Stuttgart Opera (Opera Stuttgart), Stuttgart Ballet (Schauspiel Stuttgart). The city is also a house for one of the most famous music teams of Germany – Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra (Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra), which is now located in the Liederhalle Concert Hall.
There are also two musical theater in the city – Apollo and Palladium (each approximately 1800 places). Palace Ludwigsburg and Schleyerhalle Sports Arena are regularly used for all sorts of concerts and cultural events.
Stuttgart is also famous for its castles, located both in the city itself and suburbs. The most famous of them includes a baroque palace Solitude (Schloss Solitude, 1764-1769.) in the western part of the city, palace and park complex Ludwigsburg (Schloss Ludwigsburg, 1704-1733.) in the town of the same name (12 km north of the center), Palace Hohenheim (Hohenheim, 1771-1793.) in Plyningen (plieningen, 9 km southeast of the center of Stuttgart), classic castle Rostennein (1822-1830.) with the park of the same name in the Bad Cannstatt region, as well as Württemberg Mausoleum (1824 g.) in Rothenberg (Rotenberg, 7 km northeast of the center) – our Empress Ekaterina Pavlovna and King Wilhelm I.
The most famous green zone of the city – Zoological and Botanical Garden Wilhelma Wilhelma Zoologische-Botanische Garten, WWW.Wilhelma.DE) next to Rostenene Park. Initially, it was laid in the middle of the XIX century as a garden for King Wilhelm I, and the complex of buildings in the Mauritan style was planned to make a story "Alhambra on Nekcar". Today it is one of the largest complexes of this kind in Europe, giving a shelter approximately 10 thousand animals and 5 thousand species of exotic plants. You can also relax in the Schlossgarten Park, stretching a narrow strip from Schlossplatz to the northeast to Rosenstin Park and Bad Cannstatt District (Bad Cannstatt). Here, besides a beautiful landscape area, there is an exhibition hall, planetarium, several lakes, sculpture park and mineral hot springs with the terms Leuze and Berg.
From the pier on the entrance to the zoo, you can go on Excursion to the boat on nekar north – already to Marbaha (Besigheim), inspected on the road picturesque valley landscapes (www.NECKAR-KAEPTN.DE). Two-piece "cruise" Harbor Line allows you to see from water some of the key sights of the city and the surroundings.
Also around Stuttgart, about 53 kilometers of pedestrian walkways, passing along the most picturesque places of the surrounding hills. On the site Stuttgarter Wanderweg (www.Stuttgarter-weinwanderweg.DE) You can find a full list of routes with cards and guide. Very convenient way to get acquainted with the city – bike. 83 km of specialized tracks are laid here, as well as a separate Radel-Thon route.
In the center of Stuttgart, the most popular place for shopping is the living Central Street Konigstrasse, Old shopping district Bohnenviertel, Department Stores Breuninger (Marktstrasse, 1-3) and Günter Krauss (KRONPRINZSTRASSE, 21), Complexes Koenigsbau Passage in the old part of the city, Klett-passage at the central station and Calwer Passage, as well as market platforms MarkThalle, MarkTplatz, Schillerplatz (open on Tuesday, Thursday and in the mornings of Saturday) and Karlsplatz (on Saturdays).
Main christmas market Cities opens during holiday days on Schlossplatz from 10:00 to 21:00 daily and from 11:00 – on Mondays. Most shops are open from Monday to Friday from 10:00 to 20:00, on Saturdays, many of them close at 16:00. Koenigsbau Passage works on Sundays.
Stuttgart – a prosperous cultural center with a huge selection of bars, clubs and music sites for every taste and budget. Areas around Theodor-Heuss-Strasse between Friedrichsbau and Rotebuhlplatz, as well as around Hans-Im-Gluck-Brunnen and Bohnenviertel are known as the main focus of popular night establishments. Traditional German pubs can be found throughout the city – especially many of them around Steinstrasse and in markets.
City Tourist Information Office Touristik-Information i-Punkt (www.Stuttgart-tourist.DE) has several centers. The main one is located on Königstrasse, 1a (bodies. (0711) 222-82-46, 222-82-53), as well as in the terminal 3 Stuttgart airport (bodies. (0711) 222-82-40).
Mineral springs Bad Kanstatt (Mineralbad CannStatt) are used by people for two thousand years. Daily, these thermal keys, the second to exit water in Europe (after Budapest), are visited by about 500 thousand people. Two thermal complexes – Mineralbad Berg and Mineralbad Leuze – have the most modern infrastructure of the pools, saunas and waterballs, so extremely popular with locals and tourists.
Tourist map Stuttgart
For dating the city is very comfortable Special Stuttcard (9€), providing discounts when visiting a number of museums and attractions, museums and galleries, plus discounts on the excursion tour, theatrical tickets, bike rental, boat rides and other leisure activities. It also includes a tourist map of the city and network of public transport, information regarding the opening times of attractions and booklet of vouchers. You can additionally purchase an option with a three-day ticket for public transport of two types: VVS 3-day City Center Ticket provides travel only within the city feature (18 euros), VVS 3-Day Network Ticket (22 euros) includes part of the regional network. All these options can be bought in a city tourist office opposite the main station.
17 km south-west of Stuttgart lies the town Waldenbukh (Waldenbuch) – the birthplace of the popular chocolate Ritter Sport and the location of the same castle (Schloss Waldenbuch), which is now located Museum of People’s Culture (Museum Der AlltagSkultur, www.Museum-Der-allTagSkultur.DE) – one of the largest collections of this kind in the country – 5 permanent exhibitions plus a large number of thematic exhibitions.
Approximately 50 km southwest Stuttgart, near the town Hehingen (Hechingen), is towering known Castle Gogenzollers (Burg-Hoentzollerne, Burg Hohenzollern, XVII-XVIII centuries., www.Burg-Hohenzollern.COM) whose "fairy" The appearance with towers and spiers, towering over a separate hill, is a kind "business card" Region. It still belongs to the Gogenzoller family, from which several German emperors came out. You can visit it as part of a special 45-minute round, which is offered by weekend.
12 km north of Stuttgart is a town Ludwigsburg (Ludwigsburg), easily accessible to public transport. Here is the majestic Ludwigsburg Palace (Schloss Ludwigsburg, Residenzschloss Ludwigsburg, 1704-1733.) – one of the largest baroque complexes in Europe and the largest in Germany. Besides a beautiful park with a lake and the most building of the Palace, here it is worth a visit Museums, ceramics, theater and hunting house Schloss Favorit.
The surroundings of Stuttgart are one of the main wine-making regions of Baden-Württemberg in particular and Germany as a whole. From May to October, a specialized bus tour is held on the vineyards, which offers both an inspection of the most famous industries and wine tasting and master classes.