Cities in Germany: Pforzheim
The city of Pforzheim (Pforzheim, Pforzheim) is often called "Gate of Schwarzvalda". Located 27 km southwest Karlsruhe, it was founded by the Romans around 90. NS. As a convenient port for the merger of ENZ Rivers (ENZ), Würm (Würm) and Nagold (Nagold).
Until 1565, being the main residence of the Marcgraf Dynasty of Baden, he quickly turned into a major center first jewelry (from here and another nickname – Goldstadt, that is "Golden City") and then watch. During World War II, Pforzheim Allies bombed several times, and in the evening of November 19, 1945, the British Air Force almost counted him from the ground – only 17% of buildings survived. After the war, the wreckage of destroyed buildings were killed in a large bunch of Mount Valberg and in the Valley of Breketzinger on the northwestern outskirts of the city, and the city was almost rebuilt, so the real historical monuments here relatively little.
City Cultural Center Reuchlinhaus is the placement of the famous Museum of jewels (www.Schmuckmuseum-PForzheim.DE) telling about the history of jewelry for five thousand years. Pforzheim has long been known as the main center of watchmaking in Germany, so the second most important museum of the city – Technical Museum (Technisches Museum, www.Technisches-Museum.DE) – is dedicated to this topic – here among nearly 80 thousand exhibits there are even carefully recovered hour workshop XVIII century. Also, the most significant meetings include archaeological sites Capelhof and Chancellum (ruins of the Roman and medieval buildings of the old part of the city), City Museum, Civic Museum In the Northeast suburb of Outingen (Eutinen), Museum of the GDR, Museum of minerals, Railway Museum In the building of the old station Weissentein (Weissenstein), the collection of precious stones of the company PFORZHEIM COMPANIES in the complex Industriehaus and private "Collection of widow Schute" Exhibition of Precious Stones by Widow MRS. Schuett).
From recovered pre-war structures are most interesting archive (Archivbau), House Industry (Industriehaus), Arched Bridge DillweissenStein, Ruins of the castle Libenhek (Liebeneck), Palace and Monastery Church Saint Michel Schloss- und Stiftskirche St. Michael, XVI-XVIII centuries.), Church of St. Martin (Altstadtkirche, XV-XVII centuries.), Church of Sunday (Auferstehungskirche), Catholic Franciscan church (Barfüsserkirche), Protestant City Church (Stadtkirche), Catholic Church of the heart of Christ ((HERZ-JESU-KIRCHE), Church of St. Matthew (Matthäuskirche), Building of the district administration (Bezirksamtsturm), a former hunting house of the ruling marggraft dynasty Zhekus (Seehaus), old Grape davils And Protestant Church of Christ in Bretcingen (Brötzingen), Tower Hahel, mosque, New synagogue (1890 g., It was destroyed by Nazi races on the night of November 10, 1938 and carefully restored in 2006), as well as several historical complexes related to the mining industry.
Also deserve attention House of Culture Osterfeld, which includes a sociocultural center with the theater, a musical scene and a dance troupe, a cabaret theater and exhibition platforms, Raphael Murle Puppet Theater Marionette Stage Mottenkaefig), Urban Library, Congress Center, Coloring Main Cemetery (Hauptfriedhof), Alpine garden At AUF DEM BERG, 6 (more than 100 thousand plants from all mountain areas of the world), "Monument to the deceased city" (2005.) on Mount Valberg, zoo (Wildpark PForzheim), Unusual Residential Tower Leitgastturm And Catholic Church of St. Francis.