German cities: Konstanz
Konstanz (Konstanz) lies in the south of Baden-Württemberg, on a narrow peninsula, limited from the north of Lake Iberlinger-Ze, from the East – Lake Bodeno, from the South – Swiss border, and from the West – Lake Winters, Gnadez and Clerk-Ze. A short part of the Rhine River River, divided into two parts, it forms a single space with the Swiss city of Kreuzlingen and is the capital of the eponymous administrative department of Freiburg.
The city was founded in this strategically important place by the Celts, but the Romans destroyed their settlement and erected his fortress Drusomagus here. In the second century. NS. The first stone public buildings are already being built here, and in the third century the town is applied to the first wall. In the IV century, he receives his current name in honor of the emperor Konstantin (Constance II), and in the 6th century, first mentioned in the chronicles, quickly becoming the largest trade and religious center of the region (suffice that it was the only bridge in the region through the Rhine), following For the transfer of the bishopric here is increasingly magazine in the image and likeness of Rome. By virtue of his unique status, he had all the preferences of the free, and then the imperial city, however, the shift of the trading routes of the West was led to a decrease in its influence. But it helped to preserve many unique historical monuments that this ancient city is still famous for this ancient city.
Sights of Constanta
Historical core of Constanta – Old city (Altstadt), as well as the medieval areas adjacent to it Paradise (Paradies) and Netherburg (Niederburg) – lie on the left (southern) bank of the Rhine and are famous for the abundance of old buildings and narrow tangled alleys. But almost everywhere you can see the main attraction of the city – great Cathedral of the Virgin Mary, or Münster Frau (Munster Unserer Lieben Frau). Founded in 615, in the next century he was repeatedly rebuilt and expanded, in 1052 the cathedral collapsed, then up to 1069 he was restored, and then almost three centuries was reconstructed without end and restored after fires, only in 1418 finally acquired a modern appearance. Between 1418 and 1525, the temple acquired explicit elements of the Gothic style and as well as 1637 endless alterations continued. But in 1821, the Diocese of Constanta – the largest at that time in Germany – was dissolved, and the temple who served people for 1200 years and survived almost 100 bishops lost its importance. However, general restoration work continued here from 1844 to 1860, and in 1962 this process started again – in particular, 16 new bells were cast. As a result, this building has turned into a real symbol of the history of the city and enjoys deserved attention to his guests.
Another popular object – Peterhuzen Abbey (Abtei Petershausen, or ReichSkloster) is located on the north bank of the Rhine, almost opposite the Episcopal Residence and Cathedral. Based as the Benedictine monastery in 983, it also collapsed, but in the XIX century there was a real Renaissance, when Marcgraf Carl Friedrich Badensky bought part of the monastic territory as a private residence for his sons, carefully restored it and even postponed the famous library of Heidelberg University. However, he destroyed some of the ancient premises, so nowadays the complex has a rather unusual appearance. Here are a number of administrative and educational institutions of the city, as well as Archaeological Museum of Land Baden-Württemberg ARCHAEOLOGISCHES LANDESMUSEUM BADEN-WUERTTEMBERG).
Also worth seeing several other churches of the city, the three towers remaining from the old city wall (one of them means the location of the very only thing in the Middle Ages through the Rhine), ancient fortress Gate Shernettor (Schnetztor) with clock, foundations of Roman fortress buildings near the cathedral, a complex of medieval port facilities (Konzilgebäude), the historic heart of the city – Square Marktstätte (now the most popular pedestrian zone with a huge number of shops and restaurants), University of Constanta (founded in 1966.) With excellent Botanical garden On Mount Gissberg (Giessberg), Bodenic terms, Aquarium Sea Life Konstanz and Museum Jan Gusa, as well as the classical revolving Sculpture "Empire" (9 m, 1993.), towering on a small pier, coming into the water of the Lake of the Lake at the entrance to the harbor of Constanta.
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