Cities in Germany: Baden-Baden
One of the most famous resorts in Europe, the town of Baden-Baden (Baden-Baden, Bade-Bade) lies on the Western Schlona Schwarzowda 70 km west of Stuttgart and 42 km south of Karlsruhe. The word Baden itself is translated from German as "bath", "Banya", As not surprisingly, the lifeful strength of thermal sources of the valley of the OS River (OOS) was also known to the Romans, which the first term built here.
With Azeri, the north of the town under the name Aurelia-Asencis turns into this Center for Balneotherapy – fragments of the ancient terms in 1847 were found below the new castle. In the Middle Ages, under the name Baden, he acquires new fame, from the XV to the XVII century, besides the residence of the Markgraphs of Baden. During the thirty-year-old war, the city was practically destroyed by the French and only at the end of the XVIII century was revived as the resort, in the XIX "Summer capital of Europe" – Most modern shops were built in 1810 not the place of Roman term. Thousands of aristocrats came here for treatment and for playing in a local casino and at jumps, and in the Gardens Lichtentaler Allee were made, perhaps, the best pictures of the imperial specimens of those years. Dostoevsky wrote his own here "Player", Tchaikovsky and Bismarck were held here for half a year, and Johann Brahms lived almost unhappy. In 1931, Baden-Baden officially received its modern name to distinguish from his "Tesok" near Vienna and in Switzerland.
Balneology in Baden Baden
Baden-Baden – the most popular balneological resort. Despite the reputation, not only stars and oligarchs can relax here, but also tourists counting on reasonable waste. Popular pastime are walking along the embankment of the river and in black forest, and, of course, swimming in thermal baths. In expensive hotels, there are spas-areas intended for guests only, but you can accommodate in small private hotels.
Sights of Baden-Baden
How and the century ago, Lichtentaler Allee Everything is also running around the city up along the river valley. True now she has turned into a well-kept park with two museums and an extensive rosary Gonneranlage, in which more than 300 species of these plants grow. Alley ends at the medieval abbey walls Lichtental (Abtei Lichtenthal, based in 1245 g., www.abtei-lichtenthal.DE) surrounded by strong protective walls. Little royal chapel near the church was built in 1288 and from the end of the XIV century was used as a memorial of the Badensky dynasty.
Baden-Baden is very proud of his casino (www.Casino-Baden-Baden.DE) – the oldest and, perhaps, the most famous in Germany. It was open in 1855 in the situation unthinkable at the time of luxury – the chandeliers were brought out of Paris, the frescoes wrote the best masters, and porcelain was couriers from Beijing and Meisen. Kaiser Wilhelm and Chancellor Bismarck were the regulars of this institution, and other monaclers and aristocrats did not lag behind. Now among the magnificent old interiors, you can easily meet a person in jeans, but the minimum rate, as before, is 2 euros (maximum – 7,000 euros), the passport is also needed to enter, but you can visit the complex and within a special 25-minute round ( 5 euros). For casino adjoins Casal (Kurhaus, www.Kurhaus-Baden-Baden.DE) created in 1824 on the project of Friedrich Weinbrenner. Now it is used as a platform for exhibitions and congresses, as well as a place of various political events.
The Valley of the Rhine is rich in medieval fortresses – they are in the resort area. City Castle Hoenbaden, or Altez Schloss (Schloss Hohenbaden, Altes Schloss), is one of the main tourist attractions of the city. It rises above the southern slopes of the Battert hill (410 m) just 1.5 km north of the city center. The first fortress in this place was built in 1102, in the XI-XV centuries, he was a residence of the Markgraphs of Badensky, but in 1599 burned down. Attempts to restore him were undertaken more than once, but at present he is still in a rather dilapidated state. However, in 1999, with the help of Ryudyger Opperman in the Knight’s hall of the castle, the Elaov of Harp was installed, which sounded thanks to the wind, and now interest in the complex is being revived. And the new castle on the Florentineberg hill together with a luxurious park is closed to visit due to restructuring in a luxury hotel, however, with the terraces outside of its limits, beautiful views of the city and the valley are opening.
Baden Baden Theater It was built on the Goetheplatz Square in 1862 according to the Paris Opera. Composer Hector Berlioz on this occasion even wrote a special opera "Beatrice and Benedict", premiere which the theater opened. And since then it is one of the major cultural centers of the region. Interestingly, in Baden-Baden, there is a single Germany theater bypassing without state subsidies – Festzpilhaus (Festspielhaus, www.Festspielhaus.DE), opened in 1998 in the complex of the Old Railway Station on Beim Alten Bahnhof, 2.
In a small town, there are many museums. Most interesting Museum of Charles Faberge (Das Fabergé Museum, www.Faberge-Museum.DE) – the first in the world, fully dedicated to the works of this famous jeweler (it is interesting that he was opened on May 9, 2009 by the our artist Alexander Ivanov), Museum Frieder Burdy (Sammlung Frieder Burda is one of the most extensive assemblies of modern art in Germany, WWW.Museum-Frieder-Burda.DE), City Museum Stadtmuseum Baden-Baden), Museum of Antique Culture Roman Bath Under the Römerplatz area, State Exhibition Hall Baden-Baden (Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden), Museum of Arts and Technologies of the XIX century (Museum der Kunst Und Technik) on Lichtentaler Allee, 8 and Museum Herke Redmund (Kunstmuseum Gehrke-Remund) with a permanent exhibition copies of the works of Frida Calo.
Be sure to visit Palace of festivals In the West of the city – the venue for most cultural events, heading from him to the east of the so-called "Mile culture and art" (although in reality this series of restaurants, Cupped, Pavilions and Museums occupies 3.5 km), our church (built according to the class of Count Potemkin in 1880-1882.) At the corner of Robert Kochstrasse and Lichtentalerstrasse (Euro – 1 euro), famous Shittelkish (XIII-XVIII centuries.) – the first parish church of Baden-Baden, Chapel of the Romanian Orthodox Church Sturdza (Stourdza-Kapelle, 1863-1866.) on the street of the same name, the original Church on freeway (AutoBahnkirche) on the federal highway number 5, as well as an international hippodrome in Iffezheim (iFfezheim, 9 km north-west of the city center).
Tourist office Baden-Baden
City Tourist Information Bureau (tourist-information) can be identified by letter "T" On large transparencies. Here you can get all the necessary information about the city, order tickets, get advice of an experienced specialist. Central Office (I-Punkt) is located in the Trinkhalle restaurant complex at Kaiserallee, 3. Also all the necessary information and assistance in recreation organization provides company Baden-Baden Kur & Tourismus GmbH (Solmsstraße, 1; +49 (0) 7221 275-281, 275-200).
In the center of the town Rastatt (Rastatt, 10 km north of Baden-Baden) Climbed from pink sandstone castle Schloss (Schloss, XVII B, WWW.WGM-Rastatt.DE). In addition to the palace with three wings, in which the German history museum is now located, the chapel, gardens and pagoda are decorated.
And 5 kilometers to the southeast, in the village of Furh (Forch), there is a small palace Favorite Schloss Favorite, www.Schloss-Favorite.DE) built by the wife of Ludwig Turka (such a nickname Graf received for his acts in the war with the Turks) Sibyllay-August in memory of her husband. Inside, in an exotic baroque interior from mirrors, tiles and marble, a collection of thumbnails, mosaic and porcelain, belonging to margraphy.
Vineyards Valley Raina famous throughout Germany. In the Baden-Baden area, the most famous areas of the NagelsForster Hof are located (NagelsForster Hof) and. The latter unites the villages of Neuweier (Neuweier), Steinbach (Steinbach) and Farnhalt (Varnhalt) – and this is a total of 325 hectares planted with a first-class Lose of just 3-5 km from the center of the resort. In addition to almost three dozen wine-making partnerships, each of which will offer to taste its brand of wine, here you can visit the romantic top and bottom locks (XV-XVI centuries.) in serviceer; Gothic Church, Beneficate House (1341 g.), Historical Museum and Living House Adler (1754 g.) in Steinbach, the ruins of the castle IBURG (YBURG, 515 m) on the mountain of the same name above Fernhalt.
Practically over the resort from the east, Markur Markur (Merkur, 668 m), who received his name in honor of the statue of the ancient God of Mercury. On her top leads a funicular, which is considered one of the most cool in Europe (works from 10:00 to 22:00, 5 euros there and back). Upstairs tourists expect beautiful panoramas and a cozy restaurant. And if you buy the bus routes from the bus 204 and 205 from the driver of the city center to the bottom station of Funicular, Kombikarte travel ticket, then travel to the elevator and lift to the top will be included. Top is also conducted by the order of dozens of special pedestrian trail, for which you can also visit the panoramic field itself, and just stroll through the picturesque surroundings.
There are many opportunities for outdoor activities in the resort – and an equestrian school with a hippodrome, and a golf course, and about 40 km of cycling routes, but most often Baden-Baden recall as the main center of Germany by aeronautics. In addition to the first-class planer school (the airfield lies almost on the north-western tip of the resort), the largest fleet of the airport fleet in the country (WWW.ballooning2000.DE), where you can ride over the valley of the Rhine and green spurs of the Black Forest and drink champagne next to birds.
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