Cities Bahrain: Manama

The capital of Bahrain, Manama is located in the northeastern part of the island.

This is a rather small, but very picturesque city, which is famous for its mosques, historical sites, markets and ultra-modern architecture. According to scientists, the first human settlements in this place refers to the IV millennium BC. However, the rapid development of Manama began only with the beginning "petroleum" In the middle of the XX century.

At the sights of the capital include "Portuguese Fort" Calat Al-Bahrain (entered into the UNESCO World Heritage List) with numerous archaeological sites of the III-I millennium BC on its territory (there was a major trading port of the ancient civilization Dilmun), the ancient Al-Hamis Mosque (presumably 625 g. NS. or XI B. N. NS. – One of the oldest Islamic structures in the region), the Grand Mosque of Al-Fatech with its 11,000 believers (the largest building in the country), byte al-Qaran complex with a mosque, library, school and a museum containing a unique collection of the Kernov of all eras and Ancient manuscripts.

Also interesting www.Aljasra.COM House Al-Jasra – the place of birth of the ruling monarch, Seryadi House (XIX C) with excellent architecture and decoration, Forta Riff and Salman Bin Ahmet Al-Fatech with an excellent small historical museum, extensive Arabic Fort Arad (XVI B), Sant Cathedral -Cristofer (1953) on Mutannabi Avenue and Anglican Church of Avali, Church of Sakred-Hurt, Bahrain Exhibition Center, the best hotel complex Manama and at the same time – the only beach hotel Capital – Ritz Carlton, as well as a luxury market ("Suk") South Govna-Avenue.

National Museum (WWW.Bnmuseum.COM) lying at the intersection of Muharrahk-Kaziui and King Fisal-Highway, is one of the richest museums in the Persian Gulf. There is usually a huge number of exhibitions, starting with an excellent historical collection covering 7,000 years of History of Bahrain, including the objects of the Dalmun and Tyos era, and ending with the Islamic period. Also here you can see the works of modern artists of Bahrain, exposure of sculptures and ceramics of all eras, diorama, showing life in the era of Dilmun civilization (4000 years before. NS.) and even restored grave hill with all its contents. Separate sections are devoted to the Arabic language, calligraphy, the sacred Quran and other religious documents, as well as traditional sectors of local economy and folk crafts. Next to the Museum Parking, an open-air exhibition spread out, demonstrating many traditional local buildings and ships.

Another interesting object is the pearl museum in the building of the country’s first Supreme Court (1937 g). In 1984. The building was given under the center of heritage and traditions. Now there is a Museum of Pearl, dedicated to the history of Bahrain and its people, as well as industry, for many centuries, which has given to local residents, the main source of existence – pearl production. Bahraini among the first in the region learned to dive with primitive equipment on the seabed for the production of natural pearls – the first mention of this belongs to the III millennium BC. The local pearl was considered one of the best in the East (in the Persian Gulf, the biggest variety of Mollusk-pearls in the world), and so far, despite the cooking passion for the cultivation of pearls on marine farms, in shallow local waters they collect his beautiful samples, but already, Rather, like a hobby or sport. The entire centuries-old history of this process and reflected in the expositions of the museum.

Cities Bahrain Manama

A visit to any Arab city is incompletely without a visit to the noisy oriental market. And Bahrain is not an exception here – in the capital markets you can buy almost everything, from colors and food, to modern electronics and jewelry. Central Market, built in 1978., It is considered the most modern in the country, and specializes in fresh vegetables and fruits, herbs, spices and other food. Golden Market Golden Suk offers an innumerable amount of jewelry, starting with the products of recognized European homes, and ending with pearls and inexpensive gold products from India and the bay countries. Klos-Suk Textile Market offers tissues of all kinds, here you can find numerous studs and private tailors, which not only sew to order, but also will be happy to copy (local peculiarity) on fairly reasonable prices for other people’s products, starting with sports T-shirts, and finishing Frak or business suit.

Separate attention deserves an archaeological complex of ancient temple facilities west of the capital. From dedicated "God of wisdom and sweet groundwater" Enki Temple Ad-Diaz (II millennium BC. NS.) only the stone base of the altar has survived, surrounded by the bases of the columns. The temple of Barbar, whose ruins lie within the same village of the same name, is a complex of three cult facilities dated 3000-2000. to N. NS. On the territory of the complex there are ruins of two altars and a natural source, explicitly had a mystical significance in the era of Civilization Dilmun. During the excavations on the territory of the complex, numerous tools, weapons, clay dishes and small gold products, which are now demonstrated in the National Museum of the country.

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